Rabu, 10 April 2013

Modul Semester II


Unit I
A. Narrative

Tujuan Komunikatif Teks :
Menghibur pendengar atau pembaca dengan pengalaman nyata atau khayal. Ciri naratif adalah adanya unsur konflik (masalah) dan resolusi (penyelesaian masalah). Jumlah masalah atau penyelesaiannya mungkin hanya satu, mungkin juga lebih.

Struktur Teks :
*        Pengenalan latar : tokoh, waktu, dan tempat;
*        Pengembangan konflik;
*        Penyelesaian konflik;
*        Koda : perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh atau pelajaran yang dapat dipetik dari cerita.
Ciri Kebahasaan
·         Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, dalam cerita, misalnya : stepsisters, housework, dsb.
·         Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase, misalnya : long black hair, two red apples, dsb.
·         Time connectives dan conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian misalnya : then, before that, dsb.
·         Adverbs dan adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya : here, in the mountain, happily, ever after, dsb.
·         Action verbs dalam past tense; stayed, dsb.
·         Saying verbs yang menandai ucapan seperti : said, told dan thinking verbs yang menandaio pikiran, persanaan tokoh misalnya : thought, felt, dsb.

Read the story Underline the noun phrases Study the information.

Text I:
Beauty and the Beast

 













































 


























































Narrative text

A narrative text is designed to entertain or to tell a story. The structure of the narrative text:

1.      Orientation
Tell the reader about:
-          the story’s setting
-          the time in which it took place,
-          who the major characters are, and
-          You may begin to hint at some important details that will follow.

2.      Evaluation
A stepping back to evaluate the plight.
3.      Complication
This is an event or series of events that unfold and lead to a complication (problem or conflict) as they lead to the climax of the story.
4.      Resolution
This is the final part of the story were the problem or complication is  solved and the loose ends are tied up.
5.      Re-orientation: optional.


Task 8
Answer these questions.

1.      Who’s Belle’s father?
2.      What happened to Belle’s father when he entered the forest?
3.      Where did Belle find his father?
4.      What was the Beast warning to Belle when she visited the castle?
5.      What happened to the Beast at the end of the story?
6.      Where is the setting of the story?
7.      Who are the main characters in the story?

Task II:

1.      This is a fable from the aboriginal people of Australia. Read it.

BLUE-TONGUE LIZARD

Blue-Tongue Lizard and his wife camped near a swamp long ago. One day Blue-Tongue Lizard went to get some food, and while he was down at the swamp, he left his wife sitting under a shady tree. He had not been gone very long when Taipan the Snake passed by Blue-Tongue Lizard’s camp. Taipan saw Blue-Tongue Lizard. He made her come with him and together they ran a long way away.
Taipan the Snake did not know that Black Bird had been watching him, and as soon as he ran away with Blue-Tongue Lizard’s wife, Black Bird began singing out to Blue-Tongue Lizard. Your wife s gone, Taipan has taken her away, he cried. Blue Tongue Lizard was still at the swamp getting food when he heard Black Bird’s call. He went back to the shady tree where he had left his wife and was full of food and made a fire. He cooked his food and after he had finished eating it, he went to get his spears.
He found they had all been broken by Taipan. Then he found the tracks of his wife and Taipan, and he followed them. Blue-Tongue Lizard followed their tracks until he came to a tree in which a freshly killed emu had been hung. It had been killed by Taipan and left there to be eaten that night. Blue-Tongue Lizard knew that Taipan and his wife must be nearby and he soon found them near a river. When Taipan saw Blue- Tongue Lizard he ran get his spears but Blue-Tongue Lizard had already broken them.
We can fight with our teeth, said Blue-Tongue Lizard. Taipan agreed and the two of them fought wildly, each it trying to get a hold of the other. Until finally Blue-Tongue Lizard caught hold of Taipan’s body in his powerful jaws, and bit him in half. With Taipan the Snake dead, Blue-Tongue Lizard took back his wife and together they returned to the swamp.

2.      Do the exercise

Next Study
1.      Who are the main characters in this folktale?
2.      Who are the supporting characters?
3.      Write down three events in order.
  1. _______________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________

4.      Read the sentences.
         ‘Your wife is gone, Taipan has taken her away’, he cried.

          One day Blue-Tongue Lizard went to get some food.

        The two of them fought wildly

         He cooked his food
 

         He put down his bag which was full of food and made a fire.

5.      Some sentences above show things that animals in real life don’t do. Tick the box next to the sentences.


Reading for detail
1.      Where did Blue-Tongue Lizard camp?
__________________________________________________

2.      Who passed by Blue-Tongue Lizard’s camp?
__________________________________________________

3.      Who was watching when Taipan took Blue-Tongue’s wife?
__________________________________________________

4.      Who broken Blue-Tongue Lizard’s spears?
__________________________________________________

5.      Who won the fight between Blue-Tongue Lizard and the snake?
__________________________________________________







Reading for understanding

1.      Why did the Blue-Tongue Lizard want to fight with his teeth?
__________________________________________________

2.      What was Blue-Tongue Lizard doing when Taipan took his wife?
__________________________________________________

3.      Why do you think Taipan stole Blue-Tongue Lizard away?
__________________________________________________

4.      Who informed where Blue-Tongue Lizard’s wife was?
__________________________________________________

5.      Why do you think Blue-Tongue Lizard ate a meal before going to look for his wife?
      __________________________________________________

At The Fair

It was the night of the fair, and the children at Tim’s school were really excited. They ran down the path out school as fast as they could. Tim ran all the way home, and changed into his jeans and sneakers. He ate his dinner quickly, and sat at the window waiting for his dad to come home. He couldn’t wait for six o’clock when the fair would begin. He had been saving his pocket money for weeks.
When Tim and his family arrived at the fair, it had just opened. Already there were crowds of people swarming around, footstalls, display and dozens of rides. Can I buy some chips and a drink? ‘Asked Tim.
‘Okay,’ said Tim’s dad. ‘But hang on tightly to your wallet-there’s a lot of people around’.
I’ll be fine, “said Tim impatiently.
He found a footstall, and ordered his food. When the man brought his chips and drink, without thinking. “Tim put his wallet on the counter and picked up his food and drink. When he glanced back, his wallet had vanished! Tim desperately looked around him, but it was no use. If only he’d listened to his dad. All his pocket money was gone.

1.      What advice did Tim’s dad give him?

2.      What did Tim do instead?

3.      Who is this story about?

4.      When did the incident it describes take place?

5.      Where did it happen?

6.      What happened?



Understanding Narratives

A narrative text tells an imaginary story but the story may be based on facts. The narrative ‘At the Fair’ in this unit may be based on a boy’s real experience. The purpose of a narrative is to entertain the reader.

Types of Narrative Text
·         short stories
·         fables
·         modern fantasy
·         folk tales
·         plays
·         legends
·         myths
·         ballads

Features of Narratives
Examples from the model text
·         Orientation
The opening of a story sets the mood by defining the setting, time, main characters and other information to give the reader an orientation or starting point.

·         Sequence of Events
 This is the main body of the story. It outlines an event or a sequence of events that leads the character/s into a complication where the normal events are upset by some form of conflict. There may be more then one complication and this serves to frustrate the character/s in their attempts to achieve what they wish. Also, this builds tension and anticipation in the reader.

·         Resolution
Everything ends up ‘happily ever after the conflicts are resolved. In some narratives, such as ‘At the Fair’, the resolution may be left for the reader to decide.


It was the night of the fair..........



When Tim and his family arrived at the fair........
But hang on tightly to your wallet.......





His wallet had vanished.......














Checklist for your story
1.      Use paragraph to show separate sections in your story. Start each paragraph on a new line.

2.     Define the main characters clearly e.g. the children at Tim’s school.......

3.     Write in the past tense – The incident has already happened E.g. Tim ran..... And changed.....

4.     Use descriptive language, including adjectives to describe nouns and adverbs to tell about the verbs, to draw a clear picture in the reader’s mind, e.g. excited, quickly, tightly, desperately.

5.     Use action verbs to provide excitement and emotion, e.g. couldn’t wait, swarming, vanished.

6.     Give your story a title.

7.     Check the spelling and punctuation marks used in your story.

 
Now Get Going

Make some notes in the space below
for your own narrative







Orientation

Who: _____________________________________________________________________
When: _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Where: _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
What: _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Sequence of Events
Event/Complication 1: _________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Event/Complication II:
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Resolution
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



 






































 Contoh teks Narrative:
The Boy who cried “Wolf”
There was once a shepherd-boy who kept his flock at a little distance from the village. Once he thought he would play a trick on the villagers and have some fun at their expense. So he ran toward the village crying out, with all his might,
“Wolf! Wolf! Come and help! The wolves are at my lambs!”
The kind villagers left their work and ran to the field to help him. But when they got there the boy laughed at them for their pains; there was no wolf there.
Still another day the boy tried the same trick, and the villagers came running to help and got laughed at again. Then one day a wolf did break into the fold and began killing the lambs. In great fright, the boy ran for help. “Wolf! Wolf!” he screamed. “There is a wolf in the flock! Help!”
The villagers heard him, but they thought it was another mean trick; no one paid the least attention, or went near him. And the shepherd-boy lost all his sheep.

Moral value:
That is the kind of thing that happens to people who lie: even when they tell the truth no one believes them.

——————————————————————————————————
Once there were two thin goats. Both of them were hungry. They were tied together with a brown rope. They wanted to eat the green leaves from two separated bushes. One bush was on the left. The other bush was on the right.
The goats thought they could do everything on their own. The first goat wanted to go to the bush on the left, but the second goat wanted to go to the bush on the right. However, the rope was short. They tried but they could not reach they bushes. They were sad.
Then, the goats decided to work together. First, they are the leaves of the bush on the right. Then, ate the leaves on the left. The leaves were delicious. They were happy.
 ——————————————————————————————
Long ago on the top of Mount Kinabalu in Borneo, there lived a dragon. He owned a large and beautiful pearl. People believed that he controlled the weather with it.
The emperor of China heard this and wanted the pearl. He sent his two sons, Wee Ping and Wee San to Borneo to steal it. The princes, together with one hundred soldiers, set sail for Borneo in twelve sailing junks.
When they arrived in Borneo, The set out immediately to find the famous mountain. Their journey up the rugged slopes of Mount Kinabalu proved very difficult. The dragon guarded his cave very fiercely and killed many of their soldiers.
Then Wee San had a clever idea. He climbed a tall tree, so he could see the dragon’s cave. He noted what time the dragon left his cave to hunt for food and what time he returned to it.
Next he ordered his men to make a fake pearl and a large kite. He waited until the dragon left his cave. Then he placed the fake pearl in a bag, slung it across his shoulder and flew up to the mountain-top on the kite. He exchanged the real pearl for the fake one and then his brother pulled his kite back to the ground.
The brothers quickly returned to their ships and set sail for China. They sailed safely home. The emperor was thrilled with the pearl and gave a big party to celebrate his sons’ return.
Cara menentukan bagian - bagian teks Narrative.
Sebelumnya perlu kita ketahui dulu pengertian teks Narrative, yaitu teks yang berisi tentang sebuah cerita atau dongeng dan di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian.
Generic Structure                  :   Orientation - Complication - Resolution
- Orientation berisi                :   Pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita
- Complication berisi             :   Puncak masalah/konflik dalam cerita
- Resolution                            :   Pemecahan masalah










































Unit II

A. Descriptive

Jenis Teks: Description (Deskripsi)
 1.  Ciri Umum:
(a)      The communicative Purpose
         To Describe a particular person, place or thing
(b) The generic structure
         Identification : Identifies phenomenon to be described
         Description : Describe parts, qualities, characteristics
 (c) Ciri Kebahasaan:
Menggunakan:
        nouns tertentu, misalnya teacher, house,my cat, dsb.
        simple present tense.
         detailed noun phrase untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek, misalnya It was a large open rowboat, a sweet young lady, dsb.
         berbagai macam adjectives, yang bersifat describing, numbering, classifying, misalnya, two strong legs, sharp white fangs, dsb.
         relating verbs untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek, misalnya, My mum is realy cool, It has very thick fur, dsb.
         thinking verbs dan feeling verbs untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis tentang subjek, misalnya Police believe the suspect is armed, I think it is a clever animal, dsb.
         action verbs, misalnya Our new puppy bites our shoes, dsb.
        abverbials untuk memberikan informasi tambahan tentang perilaku tersebut, misalnya fast, at the tree house, dsb.
        bahasa figurative, seperti simile, metafor, misalnya John is white as chalk, sat tight,dsb
Text I:
Goa Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave

In the cave Nyi (Mrs.) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr.) Padmo sit on a big stone. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians.
What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. The visitors dance, forgetting all problems.
Many tourists go to this cave. Maybe you are interested in going there too. But you don’t know where it is. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan, in Tabuhan, Wareng village. The route is easy. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-rice fields, coconut-palms and birds.
East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. The drink and food peddlers are on the north. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Somehow, it is like a fair.
It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. Nyi Kamiyem, the well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from, the village of Gabuhan, who often sings in the cave, does not doubt it.
Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. According to Kartowiryo (90), village elder, Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. It was believed to be a sacred place. No one dared go inside. However, Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo, went to the cave to find out what was wrong. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. The people chased the spirits away.
The cave is dark, so people need lights, and a local guide will lead the way, Sometimes visitors bump their head against the sharp rocks on the ceiling.
Inside the cave there is a plain. Big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Dipenogoro, one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch, It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. Some people now use the place for meditation.
There is a stream in the cave, in the east corner, which can only be seen outside. However, it can be heard from inside.
Besides the cave, Watukarang, a beach nearby, is good to visit. By the way, want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. So, have a nice journey.
Taken from Hello English Magazine, January 1996

A. Read the text entitled "Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave” And answer the following questions.
  1. What do you call people who join Mrs Kamiyem and Mr Padmo in the cave?
  2. Where is Gua Tabuhan located?
  3. What will you be able to see along the road to Gua Tabuhan?
  4. Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs?
  5. What is Mrs Kamiyem?
  6. How old is Mr Kartowiryo?
  7. What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave?
  8. What do people need to enter the cave?
  9. What did Pangeran. Diponegoro use to do in the cave?
  10. Can you see the stream inside the cave?

B. State whether each of the sentence is true (T) or false (F)
  1. T - F     You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave,
  2. T - F     The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan.
  3. T - F     To reach Wareng village the visitor get troubles.
  4. T - F     Mrs. Kamiyem is not the well-known pesinden.
  5. T - F     The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in.
  6. T - F     The cave is used for meditation.
  7. T - F      Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily,
  8. T - F      There is only one tourist resort around Wareng village.
  9. T - F     People who are in the cave can hear the stream.
  10. T - F     Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself not inside the cave but outside the cave.





 Contoh teks descriptive:
The Ambarawa Train Museum 

The Ambarawa Train Museum houses 21 antique locomotives plus two more, which are stored in the depot. These locomotives are no longer produced; even the factories that made them no longer exist. The main building of this museum is the defunct Ambarawa railway station which was built in 1873. the station covers 127,500 m2.
The oldest in this museum is a locomotive made by Hartman Chemnitz. This locomotive, with a length of 8.58 m and a width of 2.45 m, began its operation in 1891. Using wood as fuel, the steam locomotive could run 50 km/h – its maximum speed.
A special part of a visit to this museum is a trip by train from the Ambarawa Train Museum to the defunct Bedono train station. This package tour is called Railway Mountain Tour. Why is the trip so special? Because the participants will board an antique train and the train will travel on a 4.9 kilometer-cog railway, which is the only one in the world.
——————————————————————————————————
My friend, Miranda.

Hi friends! This is my friend Miranda. She comes from Sulawesi. She was born in Makasar on June 12, 1980. her hobbies are singing and swimming. She also likes planting flowers very much. She lives at 12 Jalan Jaya. She lives together with her parents and two sisters. They are Mr. and Mrs Yudhatama, Sherina and Tiara. Miranda studies at SMP 7. Her older sister is in the first year of SMA, and  Tiara is still in SD. They all love one another
My Pet

            I have a pet. It is a dog and I call it Brownie.
            Brownie is a Chinese breed. It is small, fluffy, and cute. It has got thick brown fur. When I cuddle it, the fur feels soft. Brownie does not like bones. Every day it eats soft food like steamed rice, fish or bread. Every morning I give her milk and bread. When I am at school, Brownie plays with my cat. They get along well, and never fight maybe because Brownie does not bark a lot. It treats the other animals in our house gently, and it never eats shoes. Brownie is really a sweet and friendly animal.


Answer the question:
  1. What is the communicative purpose of the text?
  2. What is the writer’s pet?
  3. When I cuddle.  What is the meaning the underlined word in Indonesia?
  4. What does Brownie eat every day?
  5. What does Brownie do when the writer is at school?
  6. It has got thick brown fur. What is the antonym of the underlined word?
  7. What does Brownie drink every morning?
  8. Why Brownie [do] not like bone?
  9. Why does brownies get along well with another writer’s pet?
  10. How does Brownies treat other animals in the writer’s house?

Cara membedakan Jenis Teks (Genre)

Maret 28, 2008 by colorofme
Recount VS Narrative:
Keduanya memakai simple past tense, yang membedakan untuk recount akan ada series of events saja yang berupa urutan kegiatan yang dilakukan, sementara dalam narrative yang ada complication dimana disana ada konflik antar tokoh dalam cerita.
pahami isinya dulu. Nah, di dalam teks Narrative, ciri khasnya selalu ada konflik dan penyelesaian di dalamnya. Sedangkan dalam Recount hanya berisi tentang kejadian-kejadian yang datar. Tapi keduanya sama - sama menggunakan Past Tense
 Description VS Report:
Description menggambarkan deskripsi suatu benda, binatang, orang atau tempat secara spesifik, sedangkan report menggambarkan deskripsi benda, binatang, barang atau orang secara umum. contoh text descriptive ” My Cat” “Mount Merapi” etc. Sedangkan contoh text report “Cat”, ” Mountain”.
membedakan Descriptive dengan Report, terletak pada penjelasan dalam deskripsi tersebut. Kalau benda/orang/tempat tersebut hanya satu dan dideskripsikan secara detail/spesifik, maka dia descriptive. Sedangkan kalau deskripsinya hanya secara umum, maka dia Report.




B.  IDIOM

A Note on separable Idioms.
            In English, certain idioms among those of the “two-word verb” class are separable by their direct object or complement; that is, the pronoun direct object is placed between the verb and its accompanying prepositional particle. For example, in speaking of turning off the light, we can say: John put them out. Less frequency among the group of separable idiom we can similarly insert a noun direct object, as in: John put the light out. Which has the same meaning as John put out the light. Note that the pronoun direct object never appears after the particle of a separable idiom as it often does after a noun separable noun.
            For example it is wrong to say: John put out it instead of John put it out; but we can say the firm got rid of her, since get rid of is in separable 
            In essential idiom we have place the symbol (S) after the definition of those term that are separable and have provided illustrative variations in word order.

1.      to get along:  
  1. John is getting along very well in his study of English
  2. How is Mr. Frank getting along in his new job?

2.      to take out:    (S) 
a.       William took out his handkerchief and wipes his forehead.
b.       The thief suddenly took out a knife and attacked the policeman.

3.      to wait on (upon) :  
a.        A very pleasant young woman waited on me in Indomaret’s yesterday.
b.        The clerk asked, “Have you been waited on yet, sir?”

4.      at least :  
a.        Every student should spend at least two hours on his homework every night.
b.        Tina has been sick in bed for at least two months.

5.      to think over :   (S)
a.        I shall think over your offer and give you my answer tomorrow.
b.        You don’t have to decide this matter at once. You can think over and give me your decision tomorrow.

6.      to take place  :
a.        The meeting took place in the Constitution Hall
b.        Where did the accident take place?

7.      to put away :   (S)
a.        After finished reading the report, he put it away in his safe.
b.        The mother told the child to put her toys away.
c.        Put your book away: it is time for lunch.

8.      to think of :   (S)
a.        What did you think of that movie which you saw last night?
b.        I don’t think much of him as a baseball player.
9.      For the time being : 
a.        For the time being my sister is clerking in department store.
b.        We are living in a hotel for the time being, but latter we will try to find a small apartment.

10.  to get over :  
a.        It took me more than a month to get over my cold.
b.        I do not think he will get over the loss of his wife.

11.  to call off :   (S)
a.        The game was called off on account of darkness.
b.        The doctor had to call off his appointments for the day and rush to the hospital.
c.        At first the workers planned to strike, but later they called it off.

12.  for good : 
a.        Ruth has gone back to California for good. She will not return to the Texas anymore.
b.        Has your friend returned to South America for good?

13.  to count on : 
a.        We are counting on you to help us with today’s assignment.
b.        Don’t count on Frank to lend you any money because he has none.

14.  to make friends : 
a.        During the cruise William made friends with every one on the ship.
b.        Patricia is a very shy girl and does not make friends easily.

15.  to look over :  (S)
a.        I want to look over these exercises before I give them to the teacher.
b.        He signed the contract without even looking it over.

16.  to keep on : 
a. John kept on talking although the teacher  
b. They kept on playing their radio until three o’clock in the morning.

17.  to put out :  (S)
a.        You can put out your cigarette in that ashtray.
b.        The firemen worked hard but were not able to put out the fire.
c.        Be sure to put out the light before you leave. Yes, I’ll put it out. 

18.  to take turns : 
a.        During the trip John and I took turn driving the car.
b.        Siska and her sister take turn helping their mother each night.

19.  to be in charge of : 
a.        Hendry is in charge of the office while Mr. Smith is away.
b.        Who is in charge of the arrangements for the dance next week?


20.  to look after : 
a.        Grandma will look after the baby while we go to the lecture
b.        Who is going to look after your correspondence while you are away?

21.  as the matter of fact : 
a.        Frank thinks he knows English well but, as a matter of fact, he speaks very poorly.
b.        As a matter of fact, I prefer the Barbados Island to Florida.

22.  to look forward to : 
a.        We are looking forward to my uncle’s visit with great pleasure.
b.         He says that he has nothing to look forward to except the same monotonous work every day.

23.  to take up :   (S)
a.        William wants to take up medicine when he goes to college.
b.        What is your brother taking up at Columbia University?
c.        If you want to study dentistry, why don’t you take it up?

24.  to take after : 
a.        With her light hair and blue eyes Eris seems to take after her mother, but in her character she is more like her father.
b.        Which of your parents do you take after?

25.  to think up :   (S)
a.        I wish I could think up a good excuse to give the teacher for my not having prepared my homework.
b.        Every day they think up some new trick to play on him.
c.        That was a clever idea. Who thought it up?



















  

Exercise 1: Substitute in place of the italicized word or words the corresponding idiomatic expression partially indicated in parentheses 

  1. She and Helen alternated helping the teacher after school. (……………)
  2. How is John doing in his new French class? (……………)
  3. Who is responsible for that work while Mr. Stein is away? (……………)
  4. Did a young man or a young woman attend to you in that store? (…………..)
  5. The accident occurred in the corner of Broadway and 86th street. (………………..)
  6. You ought to spend two hours as a minimum in the fresh air every day. (…………..).
  1. I will consider your plan and give you an answer next week. (…………………)
  2. John likes to travel and, in this, he resembles his uncle Bill. (…………………)
  3. Suddenly the man removed a revolver from his pocket and began to shoot. (…………….)
  4. What course do you plan to undertake in college? (…………………)

Exercise 2: Find and underline the expression given in parentheses to the italic idiom.

  1. If the meeting is call off, It is (begun, crowded, canceled, interesting).
  2. To look over something is to (examine it, wait for it, look it up, purchase it)
  3. For the time being means (up to now, in the near future, for the present)
  4. To count on someone is to (like him, depend upon him, arrest him, doubt him)
5. To keep on something is to (stop doing it, to continue doing it, begin doing it)
6. Someone in United States for good, he is there (permanently, to do good, temporarily, to rest well.)
7. When I put out my cigarette, I (light it, smoke it, enjoy it, and extinguish it)

Exercise 3: Find and underline the expression corresponding to the italicized idiom above.

  1. If I look forward to something, I…
      a. look it over
      b. anticipate it
      c. look it up
9. If I look after someone, I…
      a. follow him everywhere
      b. take care of him
      c. call on him
10. If she puts his book away, she…
a.       sets it aside
b.      escape it from her.
c.       burns it to the ground


Unit III
A.  News Item (Berita)

1.  Ciri Umum:
(a) Tujuan Komunikatif Teks:
Memberitakan kepada pembaca, pendengar atau penonton tentang peristiwa-peristiwa atau kejadian-kejadian yang dipandang penting atau layak diberitakan.
(b) Struktur Teks:
  Kejadian inti;(Newsworthy events)
  Latar belakang: elaborasi kejadian, orang yang terlibat, tempat kejadian dsb.(Background Events)
  Sumber informasi: komentar saksi kejadian, pendapat para ahli, dsb.(sources)
(c) Ciri Kebahasaan:
  Informasi singkat tertuang dalam headline
  Menggunakan action verbs
  Menggunakan saying verbs, misalnya say, tell, dsb.
  Menggunakan kata keterangan, misalnya badly injured, the most beautiful bride in the world, dsb.










 2.  Contoh dan Struktur Teks:


Town ‘Contaminated

Kejadian Inti
Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town.

Latar belakang: elaborasi
Yelena Vazrshavskya was the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of Shkotovo – 22 km near Vladivostock.

The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disaster, spread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class submarine during a refit had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tons of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.

Sumber Informasi
A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.


Exercise 1: Answer the question

  1. What is the communicative purpose of the text?
  2. …another Soviet nuclear catastrophe
What is the synonym of the underlined word?
  1. How many people who die?
  2. Who was the first journalist speaking to witnessed?
  3. Who was the source of the text?
  4. When did the accident happen?
  5. What is the dominant structure of the text?
  6. …more than 600 tons of contaminated material…
What is the synonym of the underlined word?
  1. What happened with the nuclear submarine at the naval base of Shkotovo?
  2. Why did the official of Soviet cover the spreading of radioactive in the base and the town nearby?






MELBOURNE, Jan 22 (UPI) — Fire authorities in four Australian states are to control bushfires fanned by strong winds and searing temperature.
            The Australian reported Sunday that blazes continued in South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia and Victoria, where up to six homes have destroyed. In South Australia, much of Adelide is engulfed in thick smoke. The firefighters who are confronted by blast-furnace winds try to bring the flames under control.
            At Roberts town in the state’s mid-north, more than 2,500 acres have already burned. Another bushfire, started by lightening, charred the earth near Mouth Flat on the southern side of Kangaroo Island, while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the State’s upper-southeast, is also a blaze.
            A 7,500-acre fire at Mount Agnew in Zeehan, in the state’s west, broke containment lines Saturday afternoon, jumping a road and coming close homes.
            The most serious fires were in Victoria, where up to six homes were destroyed by a fire near the town of Anakie, 36 miles west of Melbourne.
            In Tasmania, falling temperatures and patchy rain brought some relief to firefighters, who continued to monitor 22 blazes across the state.

Answer the questions:

  1. What is the text about?
  2. "..., while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state's upper-southeast, is also a blaze.” (Paragraph 3)
What do the underlined words mean?
  1. The fires increasingly happened in some parts of Australia because of…

  1. The reporter most likely got the information from…

  1. How many homes were destroyed by a fire near the town of Anakie?

  1. What is the communicative purpose of the text?

  1. What is the main idea of paragraph 2?

  1. …. homes were destroyed… (paragraph 5)

What is the synonym of the underlined word?
                                                           
9.      What happened in Tasmania?
  1.  









B.     Comparative and Superlative Adjective

This type comparative implies that the entities are comparable in a greater or lesser degree. The following rules generally apply to this type of comparative.
  1. Add -er the adjective base of most one and two syllable adjective (thick – thicker, cold – colder, quiet – quieter).
  2. Use the form more + adjective for most three syllable adjectives (more beautiful, more important, more believable).
  3. Use form more + adjective or adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -gul, -ing, and -ous (more hated, more useful, more boring, more stylish, more cautious).
  4.  Double the final consonant of one syllable adjective which end in a single consonant (except, w, x, and z) and are preceded by a single vowel (big – bigger, red – redder, hot – hotter).
  5. When an adjective ends in a consonant + y, change y to I and add -er (happy – happier, dry – drier).

Note : The -er suffix means exactly the same as more. Therefore they can never be used together. It is not correct to say more prettier, more faster, more better.

Comparative and Superlative Adjective

Comparative Adjective indicates that something has more quality than something else. We cam simply use 

……………..
 
……………..
 
 

           




However, we must consider the following rules.


Rule
Positive
Comparative
One syllable adjectives and adverb
Add –er
Dark
Big
Long
fast
Darker
Bigger
Longer
Faster
Two syllable adjectives and adverbs ending in -y
-y + -er = ier
Pretty
Sharply
Prettier
Shapelier
Adjectives and adverbs with more than one syllable
More + adjective
Important
Intelligently
More important
More intelligently





Example    :     -           Indra is 130 cm height. Duta is 150 cm height. Duta is taller than Indra.
-          I got C in Math. I got B in English. Math is more difficult than English.

Superlative Adjectives indicate that something has more quality than anything of its kind. The superlative adjectives is formed by          
Adj + est
The most + adj
 
Of all/period of time
In + place/group of people
 
 





There are some rules to consider.


Rule
Positive
Comparative
One syllable adjectives and adverbs
Add –est
Dark
Big
Long
Fast
Darkest
Biggest
Longest
Fastest
Two syllable adjectives and adverbs ending in -y
-y + -est = iest
Pretty
Sharply
Prettiest
Shapeliest
Adjective and adverbs with more than one syllable
The most + adjective
Important
Intelligently
The most important
The most intelligently


Example    :     -           All students got C in physics but got A. he is the smartest student in the class/ of all.
-          Every student can do almost all questions but they cannot do the question number 7. The number 7 is the most difficult question of all.
-          Zenedine Zidane is the best football player of 2002.


Irregular Forms

Positive
Comparative
Superlative
Good/well
Bad/badly
Old
Far
Much/many
Little
Better
Worse
Older/elder
Farther/further
More
Less
Best
Worst
Oldest/eldest
Farther/furthest
Most
Least






We form the comparative degree of one syllable adjective by adding -er
-          cold                 -     colder 
-          bright               -     brighter

We usually form the comparative degree of adjective with more than two syllables by using more
-          difficult           -     more difficult
-          beautiful          -     more beautiful

Good and bad have special comparative forms
-          good                -     better
-          bad                  -     worse

The comparative form of all adjectives is followed by than
-          She is taller than her sister.
-          This exercise is more difficult than that one
-          This book is better than that one
Exercise
Complete these sentences by supplying the comparative form of the adjective or superlative adjective in parentheses.
1.            He is (young) _____1 I am.
2.            Mr. Smith is much (old) ____2 I expected.
3.            Grace is (old) _____3 girl in our class.
4.            This is (expensive) ____4 book that I own.
5.            Chicago is (big) _____5 Paris.
6.            George (bad) _____6 student in the class.
7.            The herald is (important) _____7 newspaper in the town.
8.            This book is (good) _____8 the lost one we used.
9.            Tokyo is (large) ______9 city in the world today.
10.        The weather this winter (bad) _____10 the weather last winter.
11.        This exercise is (easy) _____11 the last one.
12.        This metal is (valuable) _____12 gold.
13.        Eris was (attractive) _____13 girl at the party.
14.        She also wore (pretty) _____14 dress.
15.        John is much (clever) _____15 his brother.
16.        January is (cold) _____16 month of the year.
17.        This summer is (hot) _____17 last summer.
18.        The pacific is (large) _____18 ocean in the world.
19.        This chair is (comfortable) _____19 chair in the whole house.
20.        John’s car was much (expensive) _____20 my car.
21.        These exercises are (difficult) _____21 my car.
22.        He is (ambitious) _____22 boy that I knew.
23.        This street is even (wide) _____23 broadways.
24.        Jane is (attractive) _____24 her sister.
25.        The story which you told was (funny) _____25 of all.



C. The Past Continuous Tense

The past continuous tense is an action which was occurring in the past and was interrupted by another action in this case the general rule is.

S    be V1 ing         +          S V2

v  I was walking down the street when it began to rain
v  He was waiting for the bus when I bet him yesterday
v  She was doing her home work when her father came last night
v  They were cleaning their house when I saw them last week
v  We were listening to the music when he slept yesterday evening
v  It was sleeping when I Wanted to feed it yesterday
v  You were having dinner when Intan

In negative statement we put not after the to be (was, were).

S    be    not     V1 ing            +           S       V2

v  Edi wasn’t doing his home work when his mother went out last night
v  Abdul and Robby weren’t feeding the dog when their mother told him last week
v  When I came home last night, my little sister was doing her home work

In interrogative sentence we put was/were in front of the sentence.

 I was
You were
We were
They were
He was
She was
It was
 
Was Jenny doing her homework at 5 o’clock?
Yesterday afternoon?
Were you reading a novel when I called?
Were you last night?
Were the children playing in the garden at 4 o’clock yesterday afternoon?


















Exercise one:
Add the correct past form of the verbs parentheses to form
Simple past or past continuous,

1.      Jack (not feel) ………….1 I very well so he (consult) ………… 2  his doctor .
2.      He (speak)  ………….3  on the telephone when the waiter (bring) ………….4 his coffee
3.      The doctor (ask) ………….5  whether I always (take) ………….6  my medicine.
4.      I (hear) ………….7  a sound. Perhaps my elder brother (talk) ………….8  in his sleep last night
5.      When the ambulance (arrive) ………….9  the patient (sleep) ………….10 soundly yesterday
6.      The children (go) ………….11 swimming when we (be) ………….12  in holiday in Bali. Last month.
7.      She (wear) ………….13  her new skin when I (saw) ………….14 her at the party last night
8.      Columbus (try) ………….15 to reach India when he (find) ………….16 America.
9.      Peter (look) ………….17 at me as he (speak) ………….18
10.  We (have) ………….19  lunch when you (contact) ………….20 me in the office yesterday

Exercise Two:
Make questions based on the underline words
Example:         He was doing her homework when I came to her house yesterday afternoon.
                        What was she doing when you came to her house yesterday afternoon?

1.      John was eating his lunch  when I came to pick her this morning
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

2.      We were discussing Our lesson at five o’clock  yesterday afternoon
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

3.      I got a phone call  from my house when I was working in the office
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

4.      When she  come to my house last night, we were listening to the radio
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

5.      she was cleaning the kitchen while her husband was painting the house
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

6.      Jack was drawing in his room when you phoned him yesterday morning
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….
7.      He was eating lunch  when you contacted me in the office yesterday
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

8.      The students were discussing the lesson  when the teacher entered the class room
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

9.      Jane  was reading in the library when she first met her husband .
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….
10.  It was raining hard  when I arrived at school yesterday morning
a.       ……………………….
b.      ……………………….

Exercise Three
Put the sentence in positive, negative or interrogative

1.      + He was doing homework with his friend last night
- ……………………………………………………………………….
? ……………………………………………………………………….
2.      + ……………………………………………………………………….
- Tina wasn’t going to take her mother to her brother’s in law last week
? ………………………………………………………………………..
3.      + ………………………………………………………………………..
- ………………………………………………………………………..
? ………………………………………………………………………..
4.      + My father was reading a book when I studied last night
- ………………………………………………………………………..
? ………………………………………………………………………..
5.      + ………………………………………………………………………..
- We weren’t working in the garden when my sister served our lunch.
? ………………………………………………………………………..

















D.  Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense adalah (waktu selesai sedang berlangsung sekarang) menyatakan perbuatan yang dimulai pada waktu lampau dan masih berlangsung hingga sekarang.
S   +   have/has   +   been   + V1 ing
 
 

+    

Example:
1.            I have been staying at his place this month.
2.            We have been waiting for you since eight o’clock.
3.            She has been studying in PB Soedirman two years.

S   +   have/has   +   not  +  been   + V1 ing
 
 


Example:
1.            I have not been staying at his place this month.
2.            They have not been sitting here since seven o’clock.
3.            He has been thinking about changing his mayor.

Have/has   +   S   +   been   + V1 ing
 
 

?

Example:
1.            Has it been raining all day?
2.            He has been working at the same store for ten years?
3.            Has she been sleeping on the floor lately?

Penggunaan Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1.            Present perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kejadian yang terjadi pada waktu lampau, masih berlangsung sampai sekarang, dan masih akan berlangsung/diteruskan pada waktu yang akan datang.
Example:
·         She has been studying English for six month.
·         They have been living in Bogor for two years.
·         He has been working on the report for four hours.

2.            Present perfect continuous tense juga digunakan untuk menyatakan sudah berapa lama berlangsungnya suatu kejadian atau peristiwa.
Example:
·         How long have you been waiting for me?
·         Has he been waiting for me long?
·         They have been watching television since this morning.
3.            Present perfect continuous tense juga digunakan dengan how long, since, for, untuk menunjukkansuatu kegiatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi berulang kali.
Example:
·         How long have you been smoking cigarettes?
·         My father has been smoking for ten years.
·         My little sister has been collecting stamps since was still six years old.
Exercise one:  
Example          :           The workers (work on) ______ the building for two years.
The workers have been working on the building for two years.

1.            Neni (read) _______ the novel for two hours.
2.            They (live) _______ in this city for seven years.
3.            We (travel) _______ for five days and we are still only half way to Paris.
4.            My elder brother (repair) _______ the car since this morning.
5.            My sister is learning the piano. She (practice) _______ since lunch time.
6.            The children (play) _______ in the garden for two hours.
7.            His uncle (drive) _______ taxi for ten years.
8.            My brother (paint) _______ the house since this morning.
9.            The students (do) _______ their English exercise for one hour.
10.        The typist (type) _______ the report for one hour.

Exercise two:             Put in the present perfect or the present perfect continuous tense.
Example       :
                        They (sunbathe) _______ on the beach for more than three hours.
                        They (not here)  ________ their lunch yet.
They have been sunbathing on the beach for more than three hours. They have not had their lunch yet.

1.            The nice (eat) _______1 those bananas again. Look! There are several holes in them. We (set) _______2 traps, but mice are too smart.
2.            Since she started working in the office, she (attend) _______3 classes to improve her shorthand.
3.            He (complete) _______4 his job. He deserve at rest now.
4.            The farmer (wait) _______5 for the rains to come so that he can plant his crops.
5.            The cargo ships (come) ________6 into the harbor. Many workers (unload) _______7 the goods since this morning.
6.            I’m sorry (not pay) ________8 attention to you. I ________9 well lately, and I (feel) _______10 ill the whole morning.
7.            He (make) _______11 a catapult and (shoot) _______12 at the birds all morning.
8.            We (wait) _______13 here for an hour, but Tony (not turn) ________14 up yet.
9.            The police (look) ________15 for him in vain. Everybody says they (not see) _______16 him.
10.        He (lose) _______17 his wallet and (try) _______18 to find it. But he (have) _______19 no success so far.
11.        I (walk) _______20 three kilometers, but I have not seen a single house yet.



 We use the present perfect tense to denote or action
Complete at the moment of speaking
S      has/have     V3
 
 



v  I have visited this place twice
v  She has left for office
v  He has just bought a new motorcycle
v  We have tried to contact her three times this morning
v  They have met him before

In this case we often use words like already, ever, finally, recently, never etc.
In negative sentence we put not after has/have and it was followed by past participle / Verb 3.
S      has/have   not      V3
 
 



v  You have not done your report for this week
v  She hasn’t cash the cheque
v  Yuda hasn’t paid his installment for this month
v  I haven’t met him before.

In interrogative sentence we put the auxiliary ( has/have) in front of the sentence. and it is answered by positive short answer ( yes, …) or negative short answer (no, ….)
Have/has     S     V3     ?
 
 



v  Have you done your home work?
Yes, I have
No, I have
v  Has she talked to Mrs. Eli?
Yes, she has
No, she has not

Exercise one:
Put the present perfect tense of the verbs in the brackets.
Example:         The level of the water (rise) ………… since last night
                        The level of water has risen since last night.

1.      ……………… 1  you ( tell) …………..2 your mother about it ?
2.      They ………………3 already (send) ………………4  in their subscriptions for the magazine.
3.      He (not eat) ………………5 breakfast yet.
4.      They (be) ………………6  in and out of court since last month. Now everything (be settled) ………………7
5.      Her grandfather ………………8 just (make) ………………9 a will ………………10 she (hear) ………………11 about it?
6.      The plumber (be) ………………12 here for a while already, but he (not start) ………………13 on his work yet. He says that he (forget) ………………14 to bring a few tools.
7.      That house ………………15 just (be sold) ………………16 Do you know who bought it?
8.      The paint work of the car (be scratched) ………………17
The front lamps (be broken) ………………18
9.      She (take) ………………19  the kettle off the stove, and she (make) ………………20 some tea

Exercise two
Put the following sentence into present perfect tense and then change them into negative and interrogative use the verbs in the parentheses!
Example:  We (do) ………… our English exercises.
We have done our English exercises
We have not done our English exercise
Have we done our English exercise?

1.      The two men (play) ………… table tennis since this morning
+
-
?

2.      My sister (teach) ………… English in senior high school for five years
+
-
?

3.      She (read) …………  novel for one hour
+
-
?

4.      The mechanic (repair) ………… my car since this morning
+
-
?

5.      I (try) ………… to contact him twice this morning
+
-
?

6.      He (visit) ………… this place twice this year
+
-
?

7.      My father (leave) ………… for office
+
-
?

8.      All passengers (abandon) ………… the burning ship
+
-
?














































E.   Adverb of place and time
            Adverbs of frequency, manner, place and time

a.       We usually use an adverb or adverbial phrase of manner after the verb or its        object.
v  He ran swiftly to the hospital
v  She spoken in a soft voice
v  He greeted his guests  politely
v  I left the room in a hurry

b.      We also use an adverb or  adverbial phrase of place  after the verb or its object
v  Did they go there
v  She went to the rail way station  by taxi
v  My brother drove him here
v  The children played with the ball in the garden

c.       An adverb or adverbial phrase of time is usually used at either and of the sentence, but not in the middle.
v  Do you want to go now ?
v  I shall meet you at room tomorrow
v  Soon we will have to go
v  All his life he did as he wished

d.      We must never put an adverb or adverbial phrase between the verb and its object is immediately after the verb.
v  She read the letter loudly (not : read loudly the letter)
v  He beat the boy brutally ( not : brutally  the boy)
v  She shut the door angrily (not : shut angrily the door)

But we can say
v  He fought bravely against the current
v  She spoke softly  to the weeping child
v  The cat cried pitifully  for milk

e.       There are not fixed rules concerning the positions of two or more adverbs used in one sentence. You can place however you like but the usual order is.
Manner + Place + Time
 
 

 

v  She song sweetly at the concert last night
v  The man walked like a drunk along the road yesterday
v  They played joy fully in the field during the interval.








Exercise one:
Example:  She was (at the office, by ten o’clock)
She was at the office by ten o’clock.

1.      He wanted to do that (very much, all his life)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
2.      She is going (on Monday, to Sandy land, for two weeks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
3.      The pupils stayed (all morning, quietly, in class)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
4.      That old woman was born (in the year 1890, at four o’clock, on new years eve)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
5.      He has worked (through out the week, very hard, in class)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
6.      She danced (at the city Hall, last week, gracefully, in the concert)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
7.      Shall I meet you (out side the cinema, on Tuesday, at noon)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
8.      He spoke to us (on our way to school, suddenly, this morning)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
9.      The new boy grinned when he met us (at the fucks hop, sheepishly)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
10.  He swerved when he rounded the corner (to the pavement, violently)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
11.  I bought a pair of shoes (last Saturday, in that shop, at the annual sale)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
12.  He arrived (at the office, late, this morning)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
13.  The beggar told his tale as he sat on the sidewalk (pitifully, everyday)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
14.  The boy chased the goats (when he saw them eating plants, angrily, out of the garden)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
15.  The runners ran (round the field, during the area, as fast as they could)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
16.  He listen to the teacher (in the class, attentively, every day)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
17.  The car ran over the dog while it was running cross the road (accidentally, a few minutes ago)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
18.  I do my homework (always, in my room, in the afternoon)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
19.  He rebuked the boy (yesterday, loudly, when he saw him bullying another boy)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
20.  The robbery took place ( in the afternoon, in the galaxy goldsmith, at two o’clock)
…………………………………………………………………………………………


Review Semester 2
Choose a suitable form of the verb and complete the sentence.
1.      Arman ………………  with his grand parents when he became champion
  1. was living
  2. is living
  3. have lived
  4. lives
  5. lived

2.      They ……………… a wedding party when it began to rain
  1. is attending
  2. have attended
  3. were attending
  4. had attended
  5. has attendant

3.      The students ……………… part in a football match when Abidin was injured
  1. is taking
  2. were taking part
  3. are taking
  4. will be taking part
  5. was taking part

4.      Soraya’s mother ……………… to bed when the phone rang
  1. is going
  2. was going
  3. goes
  4. will be going
  5. have gone




5.      We ……………… our neighbors when we saw a plane landing
  1. was visiting
  2. is visiting
  3. were visiting
  4. will be going
  5. have visited

6.      Ardi and his brother ……………… on their father’s form when lighting struck
  1. were working
  2. is working
  3. will work
  4. are working
  5. will be working

7.      My sister ……………… in basketball game when she injured her leg
  1. are playing
  2. plays
  3. is playing
  4. was playing
  5. were playing

8.      The little boy ………………  very fast when he was hit by a truck
  1. is riding
  2. rides
  3. are riding
  4. was riding
  5. were riding

9.      Tyo ……………… the ball when the other player hit him
  1. was dribbling
  2. is dribbling
  3. were dribbling
  4. dribbled
  5. has dribbled

10.  The crowd ………………  when the actors come back on stage
  1. was clapped
  2. is clapping
  3. was clapped
  4. clapped
  5. are clapped

11.  Eris ………………  in a seaside resort
  1. growing up
  2. grew
  3. has grown up
  4. grow
  5. grows
12.  My parents ……………… in the same house for twenty two years
  1. are living
  2. lived
  3. will live
  4. have lived
  5. has lived

13.  We ……………… our meal at this restaurant many times
  1. had
  2. have had
  3. are having
  4. has
  5. have

14.  Mono         : Roby ………………  the household chores all her life
Roby          : She is still doing it.
  1. does
  2. did
  3. hos done
  4. is doing
  5. do

15.  My grand parents ……………… Bandung since last year
  1. have settled
  2. settled
  3. will settled
  4. settles
  5. has settled

16.  The boys ………………  in the main stadium before
  1. played
  2. have played
  3. has played
  4. are played
  5. will be playing

17.  This tree  ………………  since last December
  1. has grown
  2. grew
  3. will grow
  4. grows
  5. grow

18.  I ……………… the day’s marketing already
  1. have done
  2. will do
  3. does
  4. did
  5. was doing

19.  The ship ……………… the port of Hongkong yesterday
  1. leave
  2. left
  3. have left
  4. has left
  5. leave

20.  The wind ………………  down the trees in the park
  1. blows
  2. will blow
  3. has blown
  4. is blowing
  5. blow

21.  We ………………  about you. We ……………… the news we just heard on the radio
  1. do not talk – discussed
  2. didn’t talk – were discussing
  3. weren’t talk – were discussing
  4. wasn’t talked – discussed
  5. didn’t talk – was discussing

22.  While I ………………  with my uncle in green wood park. I often ……………… him on his fishing trips
  1. Stayed – accompany
  2. Was staying – was accompany
  3. Was staying – accompanied
  4. Stayed – was accompanying
  5. Stayed – accompanied

23.  When I ……………… at the cinema, Richard ……………… for me
  1. arrived – waited
  2. arrived – was waiting
  3. arrived – were waiting
  4. was arriving – were waiting
  5. was arriving – was waiting

24.  I was studying (at School, very hard, all day yesterday)
  1. I was studying all day yesterday at school very hard
  2. I was studying all day yesterday very hard at school
  3. I was studying all very hard at school all day yesterday
  4. I was studying at school very hard all day yesterday
  5. I was studying all very hard all day yesterday at school

25.  She meet you (in the book store, today, at 5 o’clock)
  1. She meet you at 5 o’clock in the book store today
  2. She meet you in the book store today at 5 o’clock
  3. She meet you today in the book store at 5 o’clock
  4. She meet you in the book store today at 5 o’clock
  5. She meet you today at 5 o’clock in the book store

The end

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