Senin, 28 Mei 2012

BENTUK UJIAN PRAKTEK Bahasa Inggris SMA Kelas XII


BENTUK UJIAN PRAKTEK
BAHASA INGGRIS
XII IPA – IPS
2012

1.    SPEAKING
Standar Kompetensi
Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks percakapan transaksional dan interpersonal resmi dan berlanjut (sustained) dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari

Kompetensi Dasar
a.       Merespon makna dalam percakapan transaksional (to get things done) dan interpersonal (bersosialisasi)  resmi dan berlanjut (sustained) secara akurat, lancar, dan berterima yang menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan dalam konteks  kehidupan sehari-hari dan melibatkan tindak tutur: membujuk, mendorong semangat, mengkritik, mengungkapkan harapan, dan mencegah

b.      Merespon makna dalam percakapan transaksional (to get things done) dan interpersonal (bersosialisasi)  resmi dan berlanjut (sustained) secara akurat, lancar, dan berterima yang menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan dalam konteks  kehidupan sehari-hari dan melibatkan tindak tutur: menyesali, mengungkapkan/menanyakan rencana, tujuan, maksud, memprediksi, berspekulasi, dan memberikan penilaian

A.      BENTUK MATERI
1.       Membujuk, mendorong semangat
·         Have a got at it
·         Take a shot at it
·         Come on No pain no gain
·         Go on you can do it
·         It won’t hurt you to try it

2.       Mengkritik (Criticizing)
·         How could you do such a silly thing?
·         When will you ever learn
·         Are you out of your mind?
·         If i told you once. I’ve told you a thousand times
·         I can’t believe you emberassed me like that

3.       Mengungkapkan harapan (Hope)
·         I’d like....
·         I hope....
·         Hopefully...
·         Let’s hope (for)...

4.       Mencegah (Denial)
·         Why don’t you...?
·         I reallly think you’d do well to...
·         Are you really sure you can’t/couldn’t
·         Don’t be like that...


5.       Menyesali (Regretting)
·         I honestly regret...
·         I’m deeply regretful....
·         I really must express my regret....
·         I am sorry to have missed it...

6.       Mengungkapkan/menanyakan rencana, tujuan, maksud (Planning)
·         What’s the plan?
·         What do we want to achive?
·         What’s your attention?
·         What’s your purpose
·         What is the goal?

7.    Memprediksi, berspekulasi (Prediction/Speculation)
·         I  would say...
·         It’s speculate that...
·         The prediction is...
·         We can speculate that...

8.    Penilaian (Aprraisal)
·         You;ve done your job very well
·         She has really carried out the duty well
·         He’s been working hard; he deserves to get a reward
·         I do appreciate your ....

B.      BENTUK SOAL
-          Make a dialogue with your partner about the expressions given by the teacher.
-          Each dialogues should be consisted by five expressions given
-          Make only one dialogue about 10 sentences
-          Memorize  and perform it without looking at the text

C.    INSTRUMEN PENILAIAN    (terlampir)

                                 















2.    WRITING
Standar Kompeensi
Mengungkapkan makna   dalam teks tulis fungsional pendek dan esei sederhana narrative dan review    dalam konteks

Kompetensi Dasar
Mengungkapkan makna dan langkah retorika dalam  esei dengan menggunakan ragam bahasa tulis secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dalam teks berbentuk: narrative dan review (descripive, recount, report, hortatory,analytical, discussion, dan nws item)
A.    BENTUK MATERI
1.       Narrative
Purpose
·         To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways (menghibur pendengar atau pembaca  yang bertalian dengan pengalaman nyata, khayal atau peristiwa pelik yang mengarah ke suatu krisis yang pada akhirnya menemukan suatu penyelesaian).

Text Organization
·         Orientation: seis the scene and introduces the participants (pengenalan tokoh, waktu dan tempat)
·         Evaluation: a stepping back to evaluate the plight (dimulainya konflik)
·         Complication: a crisis arises (pengembangan konfllik)
·         Resolution: the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse (penyelesaian konflik)
·         Re-orientation: (optional).
·         Coda (optional) (perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang dapat dipetik dari cerita)

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
·         Focus on specific and usually individualized participants.
·         Use of Material Processes and in the text Behavioual and Verba Processes.
·         Use of Relational Processes and Mental Processes.
·         Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal Circumstances.
·         Use of past tense.

Snow White

Orientation                 Once upon at time there lived a title girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead.

Complication             One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn't have enough money to take Snow White.

Resolution                   Snow While did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she run away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods.

Complication             Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

Resolution                    Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, "What is your name?" Snow White said, "My name is Snow White. " Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, "If you wish, you may live here with us." Snow White said, "Oh could I? Thank you." Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after

2.       Recount
Purpose
·         To retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining,(Laporan peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatan masa lampau)

Text Organization
·         Orientation; provides the setting and introduces participants,
(pengenalan yaitu memberikan informasi tentang siapa, dimana dan kapan)
·         Events: tell what happened, in what sequence.
(Rekaman peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatan yang terjadi yang biasanya disampaikan)
·         Re-rientation: optional-closure of events.
(Komentar pribadi dan / atau ungkapan penilaian)
(Pengenalan ulang yang merangkum rentetan peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatan.)

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features:
·         Focus on specific Participants.
·         Use of material processes.
·         Circumstances of time and place.
·         Focus on temporal sequence.
·          
Our trip to the Blue Mountain

Orientation                 We stayed at David and Delia'.1; house, it has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and a tennis court.              

Sequences of event On Saturday we saw the Three Sisters and
on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then, Mummy and I went shopping with Delia. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some "old hats. On Sunday, we went on the Scenic Skyway and it rocked. We saw cockatoos having a shower.                 

Re-orientation           In the afternoon we went home.

3.       Report
Purpose
·         To describe the way things are, with reference to a range of natural, man-made and social phenomena in our environment.(Menyampaikan informasi tentang scsuatu, apa adanya. sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis atau analisis. Yang dideskripsikan dapal meliputi gejala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala social)

Text Organization
·         General classification; tells what the phenomenon under discussion is.
(Pernyataan   umum   yang   menerangkan   subjek   laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya)
·         Description tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of (1) parts, (2) qualities, (3) habits, or behaviors, if living; uses, if non-natural.

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
·         Focus on Generic Participants.
·         Use of Relational Processes to state what is and that which it is,
·         Use of simple present tense (unless extinct).
·         No temporal sequence.

The Pelican Report

 General Classification             The white pelican is one of successful fish-eating birds.

Description                                 The success is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved are some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forward toward the shore, beating The water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.
When the water is shallow, enough for the birds to reach thefts the formation breaks up as each bird dips its bill into the water I scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its. Bill leaving the fish, which are then swallowed. Pelicans an among the oldest group of birds, Fossils of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years.
4.       Descriptive
Purpose
·         To describe a particular, person, place or thing. (mendiskripsikan cirri-ciri seseorang, benda, atau tempat tertentu


Text Organization
·         Identification: Identifies phenomenon to be described.(pengenalan)
·         Description: describes parts, qualities, characteristics.( Ciri-ciri subyek misalnya tampilan fisik, kualitas,perilaku umum, sifat-sifat)

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
·         Focus on specific Participants,
·         Use of Attributive and Identifying Processes.
·         Frequent use of Ephitets and Classifiers in nominal groups.
·         Use of simple present tense.






MacQuarie University

Identification     Macquarie university is one of the largest university in Australia. This year, in 2004, it celebrate its 40th anniversary

Description         The University is located the North Ryde Greenbelt, Sydney, where the New South Wales government sets aside 135 hectares for the institution. In 1964, a Macquarie area was a rural retreat on the city fringe, but today the campus and its surroundings have evolved beyond recognition. The North Ryde District has grown into a district of intensive occupation anchored by a vibrant and growing university.
Blessed with a fortunate location and room to breathe, Macquarie can be proud of that careful planning that retains and enrich the university’s most attractive natural features. A pleasing balance between buildings and plating is evident across the campus. This emphasis on the importance of landscape has created images of Macquarie as a place that members of the university are most likely to pleasurably recollect.
One of the highlights of the landscape is the Mars Creek Zone. It comprises landscape creek sides and valley floor, a grass amphitheatre, and artificial lake surrounded by rocks and pebbles, native plant and eucalyptus.
Today, a railway station is under construction. In three year 1 time. Macquarie will be the only university in Australia with railway station on site. Macquarie is posed to be the most readily accessible in Sydney region by rail and motorway, yet retaining its beautiful site.

5.       Hortatory
Purpose
·         to persuade the reader or the listener that something should or should not be the case (memaparkan atau mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar bahwa sesuatu seharusnya demikian atau tidak demikian)

Audience
·         Who are you writing for?
·         Why are you writing this exposition?

Text Organization
·         a thesis (Isu yang dipersoalkan)
·         arguments (alasan mengapa ada keprihatinan dan mengarah ke rekomendasi)
·         recommendation (pernyataan tentang bagaimana seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya)
Types
·         letters to the editor
·         plead in the trial case
·         speeches
·         advertising






Country Concern

Issue                              In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there does not seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.

Argument                    While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.

Argument                    Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owner  don't seem to appreciate that in the country there is no public transport to fall back upon and one's own vehicle is the only way to get about.

Recommendation     I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge.   Distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.

6.       Analytical
Purpose
·         to persuade by presenting arguments
·         to analyze or explain
(Memaparkan dan mempengaruhi pendengar atau pembacabahwa ada masalah yang tentukan perlu mendapat perhatian)

Audience
·         Who are you writing for?
·         Why are you writing this exposition?

Text Organization
·         A thesis (pernyataan pendapat)
·         Arguments (terdiri dari point dan elaborasi)
·         Re-iteration conclusion (penguat pernyataan)

Types
·         Letters to the editor
·         Plead in a trial case
·         Speeches
·         Advertising

Cars should be banned in the city

Issue                        Cars should be banned in the city. As well, all know, cars create pollution, and cause a lot of road deaths and other accidents.

Argument              Firstly, cars as we all know, contribute to most of the pollution in the world.
                                   Cars emit a deadly gas that causes illnesses such as bronchitis, lung cancer, and 'triggers' off asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that people can die from them.
                                   Secondly, the city   is   very   busy. Pedestrians   wander everywhere and cars commonly hit pedestrians in the city, which causes them to die. Cars to day are our roads biggest killers.
Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at night, or concentrate on you homework, and especially talk to someone.

Re-iteration          In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the| reasons listed.


7.       Discussion
 Purpose
·         To present (at least) two points of view about an issue (mengetengahkan suatu masalah (isu) yang telah ditinjau paling tidak dari 2 (dua) sudut padang sebelum sampai pada suaty kesimpulan atau rekomendasi)

Text Organization
·         Issue (isu)
- statement - preview
·         Argument for and against or statement o differing points of view (pendapat mendukung dan menentang)
- points – elaboratin
·         Conclusion or recommendation (kesimpulan)


Significant Lexicogrammatical Features:
·         Focus on generic human and generic Non human participants
·         Use of – material process, relational processes, mental processes
·         Use of comparative: contrastive and consequential conjunctions

Homework

Issue                                      I have been wondering if homework is necessary

Argument for                    I think we should have homework because it helps us to learn and revise our work. Homework helps people who are not very smart to remember what they learned. Homework is really good because it helps with our education

Arguments against         But, many times, doing homework is not a great idea I think we shouldn’t have homework because I like to go out after school a restaurant or the movies. Sometimes homework is bad because I like to play and discuss things with my family

8.       News Item
Purpose
·         Memberikan kepada pembaca, pendengar atau penonon tentang peristiwa-peristiwa atau kejadian –kejadian  yang dipandang penting atau layak diberitakan



Text Organization
·         Kejadian inti
·         Latar belakang, elaborasi kejadian, orang yang terlibat, tempat kejadian db
·         Sumber informasi: komentar saksi kejadian, pendapat para ahli dsb

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features:
·         Informasi singkat tertuang dalamu headline
·         Menggunakan action verbs
·         Menggunakan saying verbs misalnya say, tell, dsb
·         Menggunakan kata keterangan, misalnya badly injured, the most beautiful bride in the world, dsb

Kejadian inti                           Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire tow

Latar belakang elaborasi  Yalene Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed of nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near Vladivostock
The accident, shich occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disaster, spread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reacror of the Victor-class submarine during a refit had been a thermal and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tones of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.

Sumber iformasi                   A board of investigation was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy

B.    BENTUK SOAL
- write in a short paragraph the text type given by the teacher in gambling.
- write the generic structure according to the text type

C.    INSTRUMEN PENILAIAN  (terlampir)










Lampiran 1

INSTRUMEN PENILAIAN
UJIAN PRAKTIK
SPEAKING

No
Aspek yang dinilai
skor
1
Grammar dan Vocabulary
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa yang benar dan kosakata yang tepat
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa dan kosakata yang terkadang kurang tepat tetapi tidak mempengaruhi makna
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa dan kosakata yang kurang tepat dan mempengruhi makna
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa dan kosakata yang sulit/tidak dapat dimengerti
  • Sulit memproduksi kata-kata diam

5
4

3

2
1
2
Disiplin/tanggung  jawab
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tepat waktu dan hasilnya sangat memuaskan
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tepat waktu tetapi hasil kurang memuasakan
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tepat waktu tetapi hasil tidak memuaskan
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tidak tepat waktu tetapi hasilnya maksimal
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tidak tepat waktu dan hasilnya kurang maksimal

5
4
3
2
1
3
Ucapan dan Intonasi
  • Ucapan dan intonasi sangat jelas mendekati penutur asli
  • Ucapan dan intonasi jelas meskipun terdapat aksen bahasa pertama
  • Ucapan dan intonasi kurang jelas dan mempengaruhi makna
  • Ucapan dan intonasi tidak jelas dan menghilangkan sejumlah makna
  • Ucapan dan intonasi tidak mampu mengungkapkan makna

5
4
3
2
1
4
Komunikasi interaktif
  • Percaya diri dan lancar dalam mengambil giliran berbicara dan mampu mengoreksi diri jka membuat kesalahan
  • Percaya diri meskipun terkadang minta pengulangan dan menunujukkan keraguan
  • Lebih banyak merespon daripada berinisiatif
  • Sulit diajak bicara meskipun sudah dipancing
  • Tidak mampu mersepon inisitif

5

4

3
2
1

Jumlah

Penskoran

Nilai       :   JUMLAH NILAI
                                                                     X 100 % =
                   JUMLAH TOTAL
               
contoh  :  16         
                   ----- X 100% =  80
                   20       





Lampiran 2

INSTRUMEN PENILAIAN
UJIAN PRAKTIK
WRITING


No
Aspek yang dinilai
skor
1
Grammar
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa yang benar dan kosakata yang tepat
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa dan kosakata yang terkadang kurang tepat tetapi tidak mempengaruhi makna
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa dan kosakata yang kurang tepat dan mempengruhi makna
  • Menggunakan tata bahasa dan kosakata yang sulit/tidak dapat dimengerti
  • Sulit memproduksi kata-kata diam

5
4

3

2
1
2
Content
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tepat waktu dan hasilnya sangat memuaskan
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tepat waktu tetapi hasil kurang memuasakan
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tepat waktu tetapi hasil tidak memuaskan
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tidak tepat waktu tetapi hasilnya maksimal
  • Mengumpulkan tugas tidak tepat waktu dan hasilnya kurang maksimal

5
4
3
2
1
3
Vocabulary
  • Ucapan dan intonasi sangat jelas mendekati penutur asli
  • Ucapan dan intonasi jelas meskipun terdapat aksen bahasa pertama
  • Ucapan dan intonasi kurang jelas dan mempengaruhi makna
  • Ucapan dan intonasi tidak jelas dan menghilangkan sejumlah makna
  • Ucapan dan intonasi tidak mampu mengungkapkan makna

5
4
3
2
1
4
Generic structure

  • Percaya diri dan lancar dalam mengambil giliran berbicara dan mampu mengoreksi diri jka membuat kesalahan
  • Percaya diri meskipun terkadang minta pengulangan dan menunujukkan keraguan
  • Lebih banyak merespon daripada berinisiatif
  • Sulit diajak bicara meskipun sudah dipancing
  • Tidak mampu mersepon inisitif

5

4

3
2
1

Jumlah

Penskoran

Nilai       :   JUMLAH NILAI
                                                                     X 100 % =
                   JUMLAH TOTAL
               
contoh  :  16         
                   ----- X 100% =  80
                   20       



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    BalasHapus
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    BalasHapus
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    BalasHapus
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    BalasHapus