Kamis, 31 Mei 2012

Soal report pilihan ganda


SOAL REPORT

Whales are the largest animals on the earth. Bigger than elephants, they may grow 95 feet long, and weigh 150 tons. A baby blue whale, just born, can be 23 feet long and weigh 3 tons.
Although whales live in the oceans and swim like fish, they are not fish. They are mammals, like cows and elephants. Unlike fish they bear young alive, not as eggs. Their babies live on their mother’s milk. They breathe through their lungs and hold their breath when they go under water. If they cannot come to the surface to breathe fresh air, they will drown. They are warm blooded. Fish, however, lay eggs, breathe oxygen in the water, and are cold-blooded.
Whales life in all-the ocean, in the winter some of them go to warm waters to breed and in the summer most of them go to cold waters to feed. There are to kinds of whales, whales with teeth (tooted whales) and whales without teeth (baleen whales). The toothed whales eat fish and squid, which they can catch with their teeth, although they swallow their food without chewing it. The baleen whales eat plankton (small sea animals and plants). When they find plankton, they open their mouth and swallow the plankton.
Whales have few enemies. Only human and killer whale attack whales. And whales do not seem to fight among themselves. They usually live from 20 to 30 years.


1.        What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
a.         Whales are the largest animals on the earth.
b.         There are two kinds of whales.
c.         Whales are mammals.
d.        Whales have few enemies.
e.         Fish lay eggs, breathe oxygen in the water

2.        Whales occasionally live in warm waters…
a.         To get more foods
b.         For production
c.         For fresh air
d.        To avoid winter
e.         To feed their babies

3.        From the text we may conclude…
a.         a whale can eat both squid and plankton
b.         tooted whales chew their food before swallowing it
c.         the two types of whales live in different waters.
d.        Baleen whales swallow the water containing plankton
e.         Each type of whale eat specific in of food



The Brainy Body
Your brain is as big as your two fists side by side. It's the place where you think, learn, work out problems, remember, feel happy and sad, wonder, worry, have ideas, sleep and dream.
Yet the brain looks like a wrinkly lump of grey-pink jelly! On average, it weighs about 1.4 kilograms. It doesn't move, but its amazing nerve activity uses up one-fifth of all the energy needed by the body.
The main part of the brain is its bulging, wrinkled upper part, the cerebrum. Different areas of its surface (cerebral cortex) deal with nerve signals to and from different parts of the body. For example, messages from the eyes pass to the lower rear part of the cerebrum, called the visual center. They are sorted here as the brain cells work out what the eyes are seeing.
There are also areas for touch, hearing, taste and other body processes. ,
The cerebellum is the rounded, wrinkled part at the back of the brain. It processes messages from the motor center, sorting and coordinating them in great detail, to send to the body's hundreds of muscles. This is how we learn skilled, precise movements such as writing, cycling or playing music (or all three), almost without thinking.
The brain stem is the lower part of the brain, where it joins the body's main nerve, the spinal cord. The brain stem controls basic processes vital for life, like breathing, heartbeat, digesting food and removing wastes.
The brain really does have 'brain waves'. Every second it receives sorts and sends millions of nerve signals. Special pads attached to the head can detect these tiny electrical pulses. They are shown on a screen or paper strip as wavy lines called an EEG, electro-encephalogram.      

1.     How big is the brain according to the text?
a.     1.4 kilograms
b.    Hundreds
c.     Millions tons
d.    1.5 kilograms
e.     Three fists

2.     What is the main part of the brain ?
a.     fists
b.    cerebrum
c.     cerebellum
d.    bulging
e.     encephalogram

3.     What is the cerebellum?
a.     it is the main part of the brain which processes massage from the eyes pass to the lower rear part
b.    it is the special pads attached to the head can detect these tiny electrical pulses
c.     it controls basic processes vital for life, like breathing, heartbeat, digesting food and removing wastes
d.    it is back part of the brain which processes massage from the motor center
e.     it is the lower part of the brain, where it joins the body’s main nerve, the spinal cord

4.     Which part controls the heartbeat?
a.     the cerebellum
b.    the cerebrum
c.     the brain stem
d.    the cerebral cortex
e.     the electro-encephalogram

5.     Different areas of its surface…
The underlined word means ….
a.     the brain stem
b.    the cerebellum
c.     the electro-encephalogram
d.    the spinal cord
e.     the cerebrum

6.     The cerebellum controls basic process vital for life like…
a.     breathing
b.    seeing
c.     cycling
d.    hearing
e.     Digesting food

Kangaroo
            A Kangaroo is a marsupial from the family Marcopodidae (marcopods, meaning ‘large foot’). In common use the term is used to describe the largest species from this family, the Red Kangaroo, the Antilopine Kangaroo, and the eastern and Western Grey Kangaroo of the Macropus genus.
            The Kangaroo is an Australia icon: it is featured on the Australian coat of arms, on some of its currency, and is used by many Australian organizations, including Qantas.
            Kangaroo soon became adopted into Standard English where it has come to mean any member of the family of kangaroos and wallabies. Male kangaroos are called bucks, boomers, jacks, or old men; famales are does, flyers, or jills, and the young ones are joeys. The collective noun for kangaroos is a mob, troop, or court. Kangaroos are sometimes colloquially referred to as roos.
            Kangaroos have large, powerful hind legs, large feet adapted for leaping, along muscular tail for balance, and a small head. Like all marsupials, female kangaroos have a pouch called a marcupium in which joeys complete postnatal development.
            Because of its long feet, it cannot walk correctly. To move at slow speeds, it used its tail to form a tripod with its two forelimbs. It then raises its hind feet forward, in a form of locomotion called “crawl-walking.”

1.     The following are about the kangaroo, EXCEPT…
a.     Male kangaroos have puch called marsopium
b.    The kangaroo has large, powerful hind legs
c.     The kangaroo can not walk correctly
d.    The kangaroo is an Australian icon
e.     Kangaroo is a marsupial

2.     To move at slow speeds, kangaroos…
a.     Form a tripod
b.    Use its tail
c.     Use its pouch
d.    Use its hind feet
e.     Use its two forelimb

3.     The young Kangaroo is…
a.     Jill                   
b.    Jack
c.     Buck                
d.    Boomer
e.     Joey

Mangrove Trees
            A mangrove is a tropical maritime tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora. Mangroves have special aerial roots and salt-filtering tap roots that enable them to thrive in brackish water (brackish water is salty, but not as salty as sea water).
            There are several species of mangrove tress found all over the world. Some prefer more salinity, while others like to be very close to a large fresh water source (such as a river). Some prefer areas that are sheltered from waves. Some species have their roots covered with sea water every day during high tide. Others are more sensitive to salinity, and grow closer to the shore. Other species grow on dry land, but are still part of the ecosystem.
            Mangrove need to keep their trunk and leaves above the water line. Yet they also need to be firmly attached to the ground so they are not moved by waves. There are three types of mangrove roots that help in this process :
1.     Support roots which directly pierce the soil.
2.      Level-growing roots which twist upward and downwards, with the upward twists emerging on the water surface.
3.     Level-growing roots whose downward twists (sub-roots) appear on the water surface.
Any part of a root that appears above the water line channels oxygen to the plant below the water line. Over time as soil begins to build up, these roots produce additional roots that become embedded in the soil.

4.     What is a mangrove tree ?
a.     It is dessert tree or vegetation of the genus Zoroaster
b.    It is a mountain tree or plant of the genus polychaeta
c.     It is a jungle tree or vegetation of the genus ancylostoma
d.    It is a sea tree or plant of the genus pseudoselomata
e.     It is a tropical maritime tree or shrub of the genus rhyzophora.

5.     What makes mangroves able to thrive in brackish water? Because………
a.     They have feet to move to another area
b.    They do need oxygen to live
c.     They do not need water to live
d.    They have special aerial roots and salt-filtering tap roots
e.     They produces the salt for human.
6.     What can you say about brackish water?
a.     Brackish water is sweet but not as sweet as sugar
b.    Brackish water is sour but not as sour as acid
c.     Brackish water is hot but not as hot as red pepper
d.    Brackish water is salty but not as salty as sea water
e.     Brackish water is bitter but not as bitter as herbs.

7.     Why do mangroves need to be firmly attached to the ground ? so…
a.     They will move by waves to another area
b.    They are not moved by waves
c.     It is easier to catch their prey
d.    They can fly like bird
e.     They were drifting along with the current.

8.     What is the generic structure of the text?
a.     Newsworthy events > background events > sources
b.    Identification > description
c.     Orientation > event > re-orientation
d.    Orientation > evaluation > complication > resolution > re-orientation
e.     General classification > description


The Sumatran elephant’s habitat is in Sumatra, Indonesia. The average male elephant reaches eight feet high and weighs up to six tons. A baby elephant can weigh up to one ton. The males are always larger than the females. They are massive creatures.

Elephants have a trunk, two tusks, two eyes, two ears and two lumps on their head. They are known to be clever animals. When an elephant is hot, they fan themselves by flapping their ears back and forth. When an elephant herd wants to move they use their ears as a guide. Their hearing range is very large. Elephants hear some noises that can not be heard by a human ear.

Sumatran elephants have enough strength to knock down a tree. They can also pick up a log using just their trunk and their tusks. Their trunk is their nose. They also use it like a hand. Just below their trunk they have their tusks. Only male Sumatran elephants have tusks. A baby elephants is called a calf; the females are called cows.

16.     How do elephants guide each other to move in a direction ?
a.     They use their head as a guide
b.    They use their tusks as a guide
c.     They use their trunk as a guide
d.    They use their nose as a guide
e.     They use their ears as a guide

17.     What are the uses of an elephant’s trunk ?
a.     can be used as eyes and head
b.    can be used as a nose and hand
c.     can be used as legs and tail
d.    can be used as a trunk and tusks
e.     can be used as ears and hand

18.     What do elephants use to pick up a log ?
a.     they use their eyes and head
b.    they use their nose and hand
c.     they use their legs and tail
d.    they use their trunk and tusks
e.     they use their ears and hand

19.     What do you call a baby elephant ?
a.     a dog
b.    a cow
c.     a calf
d.    a puppy
e.     a cat
20.     Where do you find the tusks ?
a.     under the nose
b.    on the head
c.     below the trunk
d.    in the neck
e.     on the back

Every time they see illegal logging in their area, the woman and children cry out, “Where can we settle and make a living with our forest gone?”
         These are the forest people, members of the local Anak Dalam, tribe, in Mangkekal (Makekal), Bukit Duabelas National Park, Jambi province. They have tried very hard to protect the forest zone illegal logging operations, “Adults as well as children are fighting for the conservation of this forest,” said tribal chief Tumenggung (Regent) Meriak.
         The national park zone is about 60,000 hectares. It is home to about 1,500 Anak Dalam. The tribesmen live in Mangkekal, Kedasung, Air Hitam, and Terap.

21.     Who are the forest people ?
a.     members of the local Anak Dalam tribe
b.    chief Tumenggung (Regent) Meriak
c.     Adults and children
d.    Woman and children
e.     Animals and plants

22.     Where do Tumenggung Meriak’s people live ?
a.     in Bukit Dua Belas National park
b.    in Mengkel, kedasung,Air Hitam and Terap
c.     in Regent,kedasung,Air Hotam and Terap
d.    in Mengkal, Regent, Air Hitam and Terap
e.     in the forest,Jambi province

23.     What are the woman and children unhappy about ?
a.     the fighting in their area
b.    the conservation in their area
c.     the government invasion
d.    the illegal logging in their area
e.     the protection of forest

24.     What are the forest people fighting for ?
a.     they fight for food
b.    protection from the government invasion
c.     to get more farm land
d.    the conservation of the forest
e.     to protect their village

25.     Whom can they get help from ?
a.     the regent
b.    the government
c.     the people
d.    the forest people
e.     the chief

Soal-soal Ulangan Teks report

Spider

            Spiders are predatory invertebrate animals. They are not classified in the class of insect. A spider has eight legs while an insect never has more than six legs.
            Spiders have a body with two main divisions, four legs and two other pairs of abdominal spinnerets for spinning threads of silk. This silk can be used to aid in climbing, build egg sacs and catch pray.
            Spiders kill so many insects, but they never do the least harm to man’s belonging. Spiders are busy for at least half of the year killing insects. It is impossible to find out how many insects they kill, since they are hungry creature which cannot be content with only three meals a day.

  1. The purpose of the text is to…
    1. explain about spiders
    2. tell a particular spiders in chronological order
    3. describe an insect
    4. persuade people about spiders
    5. retell about spiders
  2. Why can’t spider be classified in the class of insect?
    1. Because spiders have more than six legs
    2. Because spider’s bodies have two main divisions
    3. Because they have walking legs
    4. Because spiders kill many insects
    5. Because spiders are hungry creature
  3. Which sentences describe the behavior of spiders?
    1. a spider has eight legs
    2. a spider has a body with two main divisions
    3. a spider has four pairs of walking legs and two pairs of abdominal spinnerets
    4. a spider kills so many insects
    5. a spider is a hungry creature
  4. The following sentences are true about  spiders, except
    1. they belong to insect
    2. they have eight legs
    3. the eat many insects
    4. they are not dangerous for people
    5. the eat more than three meals a day
  5. They never do the last harm to mans belonging’’
The underlined word has almost the same meaning as the word
    1. useless
    2. damage
    3. bothering
    4. intervention
    5. relation


            
         Elephants are the largest land animal alive today. These animals have special body
  Characteristics, among them are tusks and trunk.
          Elephants tusks are made of a hard, white substances like bone .when an elephant is angry, its tusk can very dangerous. The tusks of an elephant are actually its front teeth.     People pay a lot of money for the ivory of  an elephants’ tusk. The ivory from the tusks is made into many beautiful things.
          The trunk of an elephant is a fusion of the nose and upper lip. An elephant uses its trunk in many ways. It pulp up trees with its trunk when it want to make a long path through the jungle. It also uses to get water.  The trunk can hold a lot of water, as an elephant needs to drink three hundreds pints of every day.

  1. The main topic of the text above is
    1. An  elephant’s habits
    2. Training an elephant
    3. Hunting an elephant
    4. How an elephant uses its trunk
   
  1. According to the text, elephants

    1. Are very weak animals
    2. Are the only animals with tusks
    3. Are the largest land animal in the world
    4. Drink less water than any other animal
    5. All are correct                  
 
       3. what do you call text type above
        
a.        narrative
b.        explanation
c.        procedure
d.       descriptive
e.        report
     
         4 which of the following sentences is not active sentences
       
a.         it uses its tusk in many way
b.        it pulls up the tree with its trunk
c.         The ivory from the tusks is made into many beautiful things
d.        An elephant needs to drink three hundreds points of water every day
e.         People pay a lot of money for the ivory of elephants tusk
5’’it pulp up trees with its trunk when it want to make a long path through the jungle’’.
     The underlined word means
a.        Street
b.        Road
c.        Way
d.       Tunnel
e.        Cannal

ANTS 
Ants are small insect. The body of an ant is clearly divided into three sections; the head, the thorax, and the gaster. (The narrow waist is actually within the abdomen, so the part of the abdomen behind the waist is called the gaster.) The waist can be made up of one or two small segments, depending on the species.
Ants are social insects living in colonies comprised of one or a few queens, and many workers. The queen generally stays deep and safe within a nest. Most ants that you see are workers and these are all females. Depending on species, workers may be similar in size, or come in a range of sizes,
Ants tend to corne in dark or earth-tones. Different species are black, earth-tone reds, pale tens, and basic browns.
Queen of ants is for one colony.

1.      The communicative purpose of the text is....
a.        to amuse the reader.  
b.        to describe the way ants are
c.        to persuade the reader.            
d.       to make the reader become familiar with ants
e.        to describe the ants' life.

2.      The first paragraph tells about…
a.       how the colonies of ants work           
b.      the sections of ants' body
c.       the function of ants abdomen              
d.      the classification of ants
e.       many kinds of ant species

3.      The text is focused on….
a.       features appearance of ants    
b.      species of ants
c.       social life of ants                    
d.      size of ants                                                 
e.       the body of ants


Birds

Birds belong to a class of warm blooded vertebrate animals with feather covered bodies. Next to mammals, birds are the most important group of land-living vertebrates.
All birds have feathers, although in some types, particularly those that can not fly, the normal structure of the feathers of the feathers may be much modified and be downy, woolly, or straw like. The forelimbs of birds are modified into wings. The bony part of the tall, except in the very earliest fossil birds, is very short, and the visible tall is composed of the feathers only. The teeth are absent except in some fossil forms. As in mammals the only other group of warm-blooded animal-the circulation is highly perfected so that there is no mixing of arterial and venous blood, but the arrangement of veins and arteries by which this is accomplished, is different in the two groups. Birds have keen hearing, although they have no external ears. The sense of sight also is very keen, but the sense of smell is weak or lacking, except in a few vultures and other birds.       

4.      The passage is about the …of birds.
a.       Species
b.      Definitions
c.       Clarification
d.      Classification
e.       Characteristics

5.      From the text we can conclude that both birds and mammals have….
a.        Backbone
b.        Keen sight
c.        Keen hearing
d.       Downy feathers
e.        Weak sense of smell

6.      Which of the following is NOT possessed by birds?
a.        Feathers
b.        Wings
c.        Teeth
d.       Tails
e.        Ears

Although gorillas look ferocious, they are really rather quiet apes. They live in family groups in the thickest parts of jungles.
A gorilla’s feet, hands, and wrinkled face are bare and black. His fur may be short or long, depending where he lives.
The short-hair gorilla lives in the hot, damp, tropical forest of western Africa and the long-hair gorilla live in the cooler air in the high mountains of central Africa
A gorilla’s arms are so long; they almost touch the ground, even when he is standing up!
Some wild mountain gorillas weigh as much as you, your father all weigh together.
At night the father gorillas sleeps on the ground. But the mother and baby gorillas sleep in the big nest of stick and leaves on the ground, or in the lower branches of trees, where they are safer from prowling animals.  

7.      The text mainly tells about…
a.       Father gorillas
b.      A gorilla’s life
c.       Kinds of gorillas
d.      Gorillas in brief
e.       The origin of gorillas

8.      The…of gorillas affect the length of the gorillas fur.
a.       Size
b.      Food
c.       Habit
d.      Weight
e.       Habitat



9.      The following parts of a gorilla are not covered by fur EXCEPT…
a.       The chin
b.      The nose
c.       The arms
d.      The feed
e.       The hands

10.  “Although gorillas look ferocious, they are really rather quiet apes,” (paragraph 1)
What does the word underlined mean?
a.       Rude
b.      Cruel
c.       Rough
d.      Strong
e.       Clumsy

The polar bear is a very big white bear. We call it the polar bear because it lives inside the Arctic Circle near the North Pole. The are no polar bear at the South Pole.
The polar bears live in the North Pole. The is only snow, ice and water. The is not any land.
These bears are three meters long and weight 450 kilos. They can stand up on their back legs because the have very wide feet. They can use their front legs like arms. The polar bears can swim very well. They can swim 120 kilometers out into the water. They catch fish and sea animals for food. They go into the sea when they are afraid.
People like to kill the polar bears for their beautiful white coats. The government of Canada, The United States, and Russia say that no one can kill polar bears now. They do not want all of these beautiful animals to die.

11.   What does the passage mainly discus?
a.        The size of polar bear
b.      Where polar bears live
c.       The habitats of polar bears.
d.      Why people hunt polar bears
e.       A brief description of polar bears

12.  What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
a.       Polar bears are very big animals
b.      The polar bears are tame animals
c.       Polar bears live at the North Pole
d.      There are no polar bears at the South Pole
e.       Polar bears are hunted because of the beautiful white coats.

13.  Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about a polar bear?
a.       A polar bear weighs 450 kilos
b.      A polar bear is three meters long
c.       A polar bear catches fish for food
d.      A polar bear goes into the sea when it is angry
e.       A polar bear can swim 120 kilometers out into the water

5 komentar:

  1. Makasih soal2 nya mas, saya izin makek ya ?
    lg ada tugas sekolah. hehe :)

    BalasHapus
  2. ThanX a lot y mas? semoga bermanfaat terus. Saya Copas y??

    BalasHapus
  3. thank u so much for sharing..
    sangat membantu buat kita para guru.
    Smg bermanfaat buat semuax..

    BalasHapus
  4. makasih banget akhirnya tugas sudah selesai berkat anda

    BalasHapus