Kamis, 31 Mei 2012



Nuclear energy is commonly offered as an alternative to overcome the crisis of energy. The debate whether the use of nuclear energy is an appropriate choice has not come to an end. Some people agree with the utilization of it because its benefits. some others, however, disagree because of its risks to environment.
Those who agree with the operation or nuclear reactors usually argue that nuclear energy is the only feasible choice to answer the ever-increasing energy needs.
According to them, the other sources of energy: oil, coal, and liquid natural gas are not renewable and safe, while nuclear energy can be sustainably produced in a safe way.
However, people who disagree with the use or nuclear energy point out the waste of nuclear products completely destroy environment and human lives.
A meltdown in reactor, for example, results in a contamination of soil and water. Take for an example, the blow up of the nuclear reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station in Russia twenty years ago. A serious contamination imperiled people and environment severely.
It is obvious that nuclear energy should be avoided because It really endangers environment but what about the less polluted energy instead of nuclear energy ? Is there any alternative energy to overcome the crisis of energy?

1.       The text mainly discusses about…..
a.        the advantages of nuclear energy
b.       the disadvantages of nuclear energy
c.        some opinions to avoid nuclear energy
d.       the controversy of using nuclear energy
e.       the reasons why people agree to use nuclear energy

2.       The argument 'against can be found in paragraph….
a.        one
b.       two                       
c.        three
        d.     four
e.     six

3.       The positive effect of nuclear energy is…
a.        nuclear energy could be an alternative to overcame the crisis of energy needs.
b.       the waste of nuclear products completely destroy environment and human lives.
c.        the meltdown of nuclear energy In a reactor can contaminate soil and water.
d.       It can be a serious contamination which destroys people and environment.
e.       It can not be renewable so it is safer than the other sources of energy.

A fox fell into a well and couldn’t get out. By and by a thirsty goat came along. Seeing the fox in the well it asked if the water was good. “Good”, said the fox. “It’s the best water I’ve tasted in all my life. Come down and try it yourself. “The goat thought of nothing but how thirsty he was. So he jumped into the well. When he had drunk enough he looked around but there was no way to get out. Then the fox said, “I have a good idea. You stand on your hind legs and put your forelegs against the side of the well. Then I’ll climb on your back, from there I’ll step on your horns, and I can get out. And when I’m out I’ll help you out of the well.” The goat did as he was asked and the fox got on his back and so out of the well. Then he coolly walked away. The goat called out  loudly after him out. The fox merely turned to him and said, “If you only has as much sense in your head as you have hairs in your beard you wouldn’t have jumped into the well without making sure  that you could get out again.

4.       What is the setting for this story  .....
  1. It is a well
  2. It is a city
  3. It is a goat
  4. It is a fox
  5. It is a house

5.       Why did the goat jump into the well ? because
  1. It was hungry
  2. It was sad
  3. It was thirsty
  4. It was good
  5. It was lazy

6.       What is the type of the text ?
  1. Myths
  2. Plays
  3. Folk tales
  4. Modern fantasy
  5. Fable

7.       Why did the fox get the goat into the well ? because....
a.        The fox was very hungry and thirsty
b.       The goat was very hungry and thirsty
c.        The fox promised that it would help to get out of the well
d.       The  fox needed the goat to get out of the well
e.       The goat had long hair  and beard

For many years people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes.
Although a dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many ways, therefore, like a human being.
Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins can understand.
Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous waters.

8.       The text tells about ….
a.        fish
b.       dolphins
c.        mammals
d.       big apes
e.       chimpanzees

9.       The fourth paragraph tells us …..
a.        how dolphins help man
b.       how genius the dolphins are
c.        how friendly man to dolphins
d.       how diligent the dolphins are
e.       how difficult the problems face by dolphins

10.    Which statement is TRUE?
a.        Dolphins are fish
b.       Dolphins are kind-hearted animals
c.        Dolphins sense of hearing is very sharp
d.       Chimpanzees are the cleverest animals in the word
e.       The big apes are regarded as the most intelligent animals

11.    The text above is in the form of ….
a.        spoof
b.       recount
c.        procedure
d.       report
e.       narration

Singapore is an island city about three million people. It’s beautiful city with lots of parks and open spaces. It is also a very clean city.
Most of people live in high-rise apartments in different parts of the island. The business district is very modern, with lots of tall new office buildings. Singapore also has some nice older sections, in Chinatown there are rows old shops and houses. The government building in Singapore is very beautiful and dates from the days.
Singapore is famous for its shop and restaurant. There are many good shopping centers. Most of goods are duty free. Singapore’s restaurants sell Chinese food and the price are very reasonable.

12.    The following are TRUE  about Singapore, EXCEPT….
a.        Singapore is a clean city
b.       The business district is very modern
c.        There are many good shopping centers
d.       We can find Indonesia food easily in Singapore
e.       Singapore is famous for its restaurant and shops

13.    Most of the goods are duty free (ph.3). This means that Singapore sells the goods by …..
a.        Advance payment
b.       Reasonable price
c.        Installment
d.       Cheap price
e.       Fix price

14.    What does the text tell about?
  1. Singapore in progress
  2. The rule of Singapore
  3. Tips for shopping in Singapore
  4. Modern life style of Singaporean
  5. Numerous sightseeing tours of Singapore

Solo, Central Java {ANTARA News/15 Mach 2005)-Mount Merapi in Central Java has shown a sign of increased activity in the past few days, forcing the local authorities to raise its alert status to "Awas Merapi"(Beware Merapi)
“The volcano's alert status had been raised since Wednesday after the Yogyakarta-based volcanology Board recorded a number of tremors Inside the volcano", said Yulianto, head of the Merapi Observatory Post at Semiran village, Boyolali district, Central Java, on Thursday.
Team of volcanologists continued monitoring the activity of the 2,911 meter high volcano.
People living in vulnerable villages on the volcano's slope were making preparations to flee their homes in case of eventualities. (www.antara.co.id)

15.    The text mainly tells about….
a.        mount Merapi's activity                       
b.       mounts in Central Java              
c.        volcano's alart status
d.       natural phenomenon
e.      vulnerable village

16.    Which of the following is true according to text?
a.        People living in central Java were making preparation to flee their home.
b.       The volcanologist kept monitoring on in mount Merapi's activity.
c.        Volcanologists had stopped monitoring the mount Merapi.
d.       People living in vulnerable villages had lost their life.
e.       The activity of mount Merapi was ignored.

17.    The communicative purpose of the the text is
a.        to inform the reader about an important event of the day.
b.       to persuade people read about an Important phenomenon.
c.        to explain how an important phenomenon happens.
d.       to present two point of view of an argument.
e.       to describe an important phenomenon.

18.    People living in vulnerable villages on the volcano's slope were making preparations to flee their homes in case eventualities.
The underlined part has almost same meaning as ....
a.        to return back to  
b.       to come to                     
c.        to leave
d.     to visit
e.     to go

Japan is a land of striking scenic beauty. First time visitors are impressed by its greenness and its mountains, which cover nearly three-quarters of the country. Gentle plains and intermountain basins account for only about 25% of Japanese territory. Hare, the flat lands are geologically young and the soil run off from the surrounding mountains is shallow.
The rugged peaks, snow-fed lakes, turbulent rivers. rocky gorges and watarfalls and dense forests are breathtaking, but they put severe limits on livable land. With saventy-five percent of the nation unsuitable for either habitation or cultivation due to mountains and rocky sea coasts, and with only 16 per cent of the land cultivated, the entire Japanese population actually lives in an area roughty the size of the state of Maine, about 85,470 sq km (33,000 sq mi). This makes Japan the most populated country in the world in terms of population per livable square mile.

19.    The second paragraph tells us ....
a.        the rocky sea coast
b.       the culture of Japan
c.        the entire condition of Japan
d.       geographical condition of Japan
e.       the percentage of Japanese population

20.    The soil ran off from the surrounding mountains is shallow.
The underlined word means....
a.        not soft                   
b.       not cool                
c.        not deep
d.       not stable
e.       not strong

Ants are small insect. The body of an ant is clearly divided into three sections; the head, the thorax, and the gaster. (The narrow waist is actually within the abdomen, so the part of the abdomen behind the waist is called the gaster.) The waist can be made up of one or two small segments, depending on the species.
Ants are social insects living in colonies comprised of one or a few queens, and many workers. The queen generally stays deep and safe within a nest. Most ants that you see are workers and these are all females. Depending on species, workers may be similar in size, or come in a range of sizes,
Ants tend to corne in dark or earth tones. Different species are black, earth-tone reds, pale tens, and basic browns.
Queen of ants is for one colonie.

21.    The communicative purpose of the text is ....
a.         to amuse the reader.                          
b.         to persuade the reader.            
c.         to describe the ants' Iife.
d.     to describe the way ants are
e.     to make the reader become familiar with ants

22.    The first paragraph tells about…
a.        how the colonies of ants work                           
b.       the function of ants abdome                            
c.        many kinds of ant species
d.       the sections of ants' body
e.     the classification of ants

23.    The text is focused on….
a.        features apperance of ants                 
b.       social life of ants                  
c.        the body of ants
d.    species of ants
e.    size of ants                                                 

There are two reasons why I have decided to attend Bingstone University next year.
First of all, there is the question of money: Bingston ‘s tuition is reasonable and I don’t even have to pay it at all at once. This is very important since my father isn’t rich man. With Bingston’s deferred plan, my father will be able to pay my tuition without too much difficulty.
The second reason is the fine education, which I feel I will receive there in agriculture, my chosen field. It is a well-known fact that Bingston hires only the finest professors in its agriculture Department.
Moreover, the university requires all agricultural students to gain practical experience by working on farms in the area while they are still going to school.

24.    What is the topic of the paragraph?
a.        Deferred payment offered by the Bingston University
b.       The writer’s reason for attending Bingston University
c.        Reasonable tuition for new students
d.       Fine teachers and practical experience found in the Bingston University
e.       Quality of education in Bingston University

25.    What is the main idea of the text?
a.        Bingston university has a good quality of education
b.       Besides fine teachers, the university of Bingston offers practical experience
c.        There are two reasons why the writer has decide to attend Bingston University
d.       The writer doesn’t have to pay the tuition fee all at once
e.       Bingston University offers reasonable tuition

MELBOURNE, Jan 22 (UPI) - Fire authorities in Australian States are to control bushfires fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures.
                The Australian authorities reported Sunday that blazes continue to burn in South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia, and Victoria, where up to six homes have been destroyed. In South Australia, much of Adelaide is engulfed in thick smoke. The firefighters who are confronted by blast-furnace winds try to bring the flames under control.
                At Roberstown in the state’s mid-north, more than 2,500 acres have already burned. Another bushfire, started by lighting, charred the earth near Mounth Flat on the southern side of Kangaroo Island, while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state’s upper-southeast, is also a blaze.
                A 7,500-acre fire at Mounth Agnew in Zeehan, in the state’s west, broke containment lines Saturday afternoon, jumping a road and coming close to homes.
The most serious fires were in Victoria, where up to six homes were destroyed by the fire near to town of Anakie, 36 miles west of Melbourne.
                In Tasmania, falling temperatures and patchy rain brought some relief to firefighters, who continued to monitor 22 blazes across the state.

26.    The writer wrote the text to…………readers about newsworthy events in four Australian states.
The right word to fill in the blank is…
a.        Entertain               
b.       Explain
c.        Persuade              
d.       Amuse
e.       Inform

27.    What is the text about…
a.        Weather effect
b.       The effect of fire
c.        The danger of fire
d.       The cause of fire
e.       Fires in some areas of Australia

28.    The fires increasingly happened in some parts of Australia because of…
a.        Falling temperatures
b.       Strong winds and searing temperatures.
c.        Thick smoke
d.       Heavy rain
e.       Lightning

29.    The reporter most likely got the information from…
a.              Fire fighters
b.              Visitors
c.              Tourists
d.              Commuters
e.              Homeless people

30.    “ …………while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state’s upper-southeast, is also a blaze (par. 3)
What do the underline words mean?
a.        Dangerous
b.       Covered
c.        Isolated
d.       On fire
e.       At risk


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