Kamis, 24 Mei 2012

Idiom


IDIOM

In English, certain idioms among those of the “two-word verb” class are separable by their direct object or complement; that is, the pronoun direct object is placed between the verb and its accompanying prepositional particle.
For example, in speaking of turning off the light, we can say : John put them out. Less frequency among the group of separable idiom we can similarly insert a noun direct object, as in : John put the light out. Which has the same meaning as John put out the light
      Note that the pronoun direct object never appears after the particle of a separable idiom as it often does after a noun separable noun.
      For example it is wrong to say : John put out it instead of John put it out; but we can say The firm got rid of her, since get rid of is in separable
      In essential idiom we have place the symbol (S) after the definition of those term that are separable and have provided illustrative variations in word order.
1.  to get along: (to do, succeed, make progress) :  berhasil
            a. John is getting along very well in his study of English
            b. How is Mr. Frank getting along in his new job?

  1. to take out: ( to remove, extract)  (S)  : mengambil
            a. William took out his handkerchief and wipe his forehead.
            b. The thief suddenly took out a knife and attacked the policeman.

3.  to wait on (upon) : ( to serve, attend to – in a store or shop) : melayani
            a. A very pleasant young woman waited on me in Indomaret’s yesterday.
            b The clerk asked, “ Have you been waited on yet, sir?”

  1. at least : ( a minimum of) : setidak-tidaknya.
            a. Every student should spend at least two hours on his homework every night.
            b. Tina has been sick in bed for at least two months.

  1. to think over : (to consider carefully before deciding) (S) : mempertimbangkan
            a. I shall think over your offer and give you my answer tomorrow.
            b. You don’t have to decide this matter at once. You can think over and give me your decision tomorrow.

  1. to take place : ( to happen, occur) : terjadi
            a. The meeting took place in the Constitution Hall
            b. Where did the accident take place?

  1. to put away : (to set aside, return something to its proper place) (S) : mengembalikan ketempat semula
            a. After finished reading the report, he put it away in his safe.
            b. The mother told the child to put her toys away.
            c. Put your book away: it is time for lunch.
  1. to think of : (to have an opinion about ) (S) : punya pendapat
            a. What did you think of that movie which you saw last night?
            b. I don’t think much of him as a baseball player.

  1. For the time being : ( for the present, temporarily) : sekarang ini
            a. For the time being my sister is clerking in department store.
            b. We are living in a hotel for the time being, but latter we will try to find a small apartment.

10.to get over : (to recover from ) : sembuh
            a. It took me more than a month to get over my cold.
            b. I do not think he will get over the loss of his wife.

11.to call off : ( to cancel) (S) : membatalkan
            a. The game was called off on account of darkness.
            b. The doctor had to call off his appointments for the day and rush to the hospital.
            c.  At first the workers planned to strike, but later they called it off.

12.for good : ( permanently, forever) : selamanya
            a.  Ruth has gone back to California for good.   She will not return to the Texas anymore.
            b.  Has your friend returned to South America for good?

13.to count on : (depend upon) : tergantung
            a. We are counting on you to help us with today’s assignment.
            b. Don’t count on Frank to lend you any money because he has none.

14.to make friends : (to win or gain friends) : mengungguli
            a. During the cruise William made friends with every one on the ship.
            b. Patricia is a very shy girl and does not make friends easily.

15. to look over : (to examine) (S) : memeriksa
a. I want to look over these exercises before I give them to the teacher.
b. He signed the contract without even looking it over.

16.to keep on : (to continue) : meneruskan
            a. John kept on talking although the teacher ask him several times to stop
            b. They kept on playing their radio until three o’clock in the morning.

17. to put out : (to extinguish) (S) : memadamkan (api)
a. You can put out your cigarette in that ashtray.
b. The firemen worked hard but were not able to put out the fire.
c. Be sure to put out the light before you leave. Yes, I’ll put it out. 



18. to take turns : (to alternate) : bergiliran
a. During the trip John and I took turn driving the car .
b. Siska and her sister take turn helping their mother each night.

19. to be in charge of : ( to manage, be responsible for) : bertugas
a. Hendry is in charge of the office while Mr. Smith is away.
b. Who is in charge of the arrangements for the dance next week?

20. to look after : ( to watch, take care of) : menjaga
a. Grandma will look after the baby while we go to the lecture
b. Who is going to look after your correspondence while you are away?

21. as the matter of fact : (in fact, really) : sesungguhnya
a. Frank thinks he knows English well but, as a matter of fact, he speaks very poorly.
b. As a matter of fact, I prefer the Barbados island to Florida.

22. to look forward to : ( to expect, anticipate, usually pleasurably) : menanti/mengharap
a. We are looking forward to my uncle’s visit with great pleasure.
b. He says that he has nothing to look forward to except the same monotonous work every day.

23. to take up : (to study, begin a course leading to a career) (S) : belajar / mengikuti
a. William wants to take up medicine when he goes to college.
b. What is your brother taking up at Columbia university?
c. If you want to study dentistry, why don’t you take it up?

24. to take after : ( to resemble a parent or a close relative) : mirip
a. With her light hair and blue eyes Eris seems to take after her mother, but in her character she is more like her father.
b. Which of your parents do you take after?

25. to think up : ( to invent, discover, find) (S) menemukan
a. I wish I could think up a good excuse to give the teacher for my not having prepared my homework.
b. Every day they think up some new trick to play on him.
c. That was a clever idea. Who thought it up?

  1. She and Helen alternated helping the teacher after school. (took turn)
  2. How is John doing in his new French class? (getting along)
  3. Who is responsible for that work while Mr. Stein is away? (in charge of)
  4. Did a young man or a young woman attend to you in that store? (wait on)
  5. The accident occurred in the corner of Broadway and 86th street. (took place)
  6. You ought to spend two hours as a minimum in the fresh air every day. (at least).
  1. I will consider your plan and give you an answer next week. (think over)
  2. John likes to travel and, in this, he resembles his uncle Bill. (takes after)
  3. Suddenly the man removed a revolver from his pocket and began to shoot. (took out)
  4. What course do you plan to undertake in college? (take up)

  1. If the meeting is call off, It is (begun, crowded, canceled, interesting).
  2. To look over something is to (examine it, wait for it, look it up, purchase it)
  3. For the time being means (up to now, in the near future, for the present)
4. To count on someone is to (like him, depend upon him, arrest him, doubt him)
5. To keep on something is to (stop doing it, to continue doing it, begin doing it)
6. someone in United States for good, he is there (permanently, to do good, temporarily, to rest well.)
7. When I put out my cigarette, I (light it, smoke it, enjoy it, extinguish it)
Exercise 3 : Find and underline the expression corresponding to the italicized idiom above.
  1. If I look forward to something, I…
      a. look it over
      b. anticipate it
      c. look it up
9. If I look after someone, I…
      a. follow him everywhere
      b. take care of him
      c. call on him
10. If she puts his book away, she…
      a. sets it aside
      b. escape it from her
      c. burns it to the ground


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